Lab Med Online.  2016 Apr;6(2):102-105. 10.3343/lmo.2016.6.2.102.

Sepsis Due to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in a Patient with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea.
  • 2Chonbuk National University Hospital Branch of National Culture Collection for Pathogens, Jeonju, Korea.
  • 3Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.


Rhodotorula species are round to oval-shaped, multilateral budding, encapsulated yeasts that produce urease and do not ferment carbohydrates. Rhodotorula species form characteristic salmon-pink colored colonies owing to carotenoid pigment production. These yeasts form a part of the normal flora of moist skin and are found in the environment. Rhodotorula was traditionally considered a contaminant but is now progressively recognized as a human pathogen, especially in immunocompromised patients with central venous catheters. However, isolation of Rhodotorula species from blood has been very rarely reported in Korea. We report a case of sepsis due to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa infection in a patient who had received chemotherapy and supportive care for non-small cell lung cancer.


Sepsis; Rhodotorula mucilaginosa; Fungemia
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