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Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Tasaka S

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a wellk-nown opportunistic infection and its management has been established. However, PCP is an emerging threat to immunocompromised patients...
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A Case of Nasal Septal and Oral Cavity Abscesses Resulting from Mucormycosis in an Immunocompromised Patient

Sung HK, Kang JC, Wee JH

Mucormycosis is a rare invasive and highly aggressive fungal infection, which shows rapid progression with life threatening complications in immunocompromised patients. Therefore, it is important to quickly recognize fungal infection...
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Identification of Staphylococcus pettenkoferi Isolated from Blood Culture

Kang H, Ryoo N

Staphylococcus pettenkoferi is a coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) of growing concern. As CoNS could be an important cause of infections in hospitalized patients, especially in immunocompromised patients, accurate identification is critical...
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Successful Treatment of Fulminant Hepatitis due to Varicella Zoster Virus using Immunoglobulin in a Kidney Transplant Patient

Hsing LC, Kim JY, Kwon JS, Shin EC, Kim SH

The clinical benefit of adjuvant intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy is controversial in immunocompromised patients with severe varicella. A twenty-one-year-old woman who had received a kidney transplant one year earlier presented...
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Tracking acute phase protein response during acute and chronic Toxoplasma gondii infection

Atmaca HT, Gazyagci A, Terzi OS, Dincel GC, Sumer T

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which occurs worldwide in mammals and birds. Brain is the primary target organ because Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous intracellular...
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Intraventricular Vancomycin Therapy for Intractable Bacillus cereus Ventriculitis

Hahn JW, Ju HY, Park M, Yi ES, Park BK, Shin SH, Lee SH, Park HJ, Kang JM

Bacillus cereus causes serious central nervous system infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. Successful treatment requires adequate antimicrobial concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid; however, in some cases, achieving this with systemic...
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Human Bocavirus Infection in Adults: Clinical Features and Radiological Findings

Lee HN, Koo HJ, Kim SH, Choi SH, Sung H, Do KH

OBJECTIVE: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a newly identified pathogen that can cause upper and lower respiratory infections usually in children; however, its clinical characteristics and significance in respiratory infections in...
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Primary Effusion Lymphoma in a Non-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patient: A Case Report

Kim BJ, Lee MS

Primary effusion lymphoma is a large cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma exclusively presenting with effusions in body cavities in absence of solid tumor masses. It is typically associated with human herpesvirus 8...
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A clinico-epidemiological multicenter study of herpes zoster in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hospitalized children

Hwang JH, Kim KH, Han SB, Kim HH, Kim JH, Lee SY, Choi UY, Kang JH

PURPOSE: There are limited population-based data regarding herpes zoster in children. Thus we conducted a multi-institutional epidemiological analysis of herpes zoster in children and comparative analysis according to their immune...
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A Case of Chronic Strongyloidiasis with Recurrent Hyperinfection

Park K, Kim MS, Chang J, Kim EJ, Yoo C, Kim MJ, Sung H, Kim MN

Strongyloides stercoralis is an intestinal nematode that often causes chronic diarrhea and may develop severe complicated form of hyperinfection or disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients. Here, we report a case...
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Validation of Voriconazole Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Lung Transplant Recipients Receiving Voriconazole alone for Treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis

Son YJ, Lee KA, Jo JH, Kim JS, Son ES, Park MS

BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly among immunocompromised patients, such as lung transplant recipients. Voriconazole, the first-line therapy for IA, shows a non-linear pharmacokinetic...
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Bacteremia due to Rahnella aquatilis in a Patient with a Chemoport

Lee WJ, Song Y, Park SY, Kim MJ

Rahnella aquatilis, a saprophytic organism, is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The natural habitat of this organism is fresh water, and it is rarely found in clinical specimens. Clinical...
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A Case of Septal Abscess and Sphenoid Sinusitis after Dental Implant

Lee J, Kim SJ, Choi MS

A nasal septal abscess results from the collection of purulent fluid between the cartilage of bony septum and overlying mucoperichondrium or mucoperiosteum. Unless early diagnosis and surgical treatment are performed,...
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Disseminated Cryptococcosis Incorrectly Managed: a Case Report

Maleb A, Hami A, Ben Lahlou Y, Lamrabat S, Rifai S, Rahmani N, Bensalah M, Frikh M, Lemnouer A, Elouennass M

Disseminated cryptococcosis is a rare fungal infection, which mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients, and the diagnosis is difficult. Therefore, it is less likely to be considered in immunocompetent patients. Here,...
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Comparative Evaluation Between the RealStar Pneumocystis jirovecii PCR Kit and the AmpliSens Pneumocystis jirovecii (carinii)-FRT PCR Kit for Detecting P. jirovecii in Non-HIV Immunocompromised Patients

Huh HJ, Lim KR, Ki CS, Huh K, Shim HJ, Song DJ, Kim YJ, Chung DR, Lee NY

BACKGROUND: Real-time PCR is more sensitive than microscopic examination for detecting Pneumocystis jirovecii. We compared the performance of two assays for detecting P. jirovecii DNA: the RealStar Pneumocystis jirovecii PCR...
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A Case of Acute Supraglottitis Following Anti-Thyroid Drug-Induced Agranulocytosis

Lee JJ, Kim DY, Jang JY

Acute supraglottitis is characterized by an inflammation and edema of the supraglottic region and a potential life-threatening condition because of its risk for sudden upper airway compromise. Prompt diagnosis, administration...
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Two Cases of Chickenpox Developed from an Immunocompromised Patient with Localized Herpes Zoster

Kim YC, Han SH, Choi JY, Lee JH, Kim JS, Lee K

Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox, which is highly contagious, at primary infection and herpes zoster at reactivation. The varicella zoster virus may be more contagious and cause serious outbreaks in...
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Eggerthella Lenta Bacteremia after Appendectomy in a Healthy Patient

Jeong S, Park HY, Hong IT, Kang JB, Moon SY, Park KH, Lee MS, Son JS

Eggerthella lenta (E. lenta) has been reported to cause bacteremia in patients with gastrointestinal tract disorders or malignancies and in immunocompromised patients. Cases of E. lenta have been increasing with...
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First Case of Trueperella bernardiae Bacteremia in an Immunocompromised Patient in Korea

Roh J, Kim M, Kim D, Yong D, Lee K

No abstract available.
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A Case of Infantile Fungal Urinary Tract Infection

Cho W, Jo YM, Oh YK, Rim JW, Lee WU, Choi K, Ko JH, Jeon YJ, Choi Y

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection...
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