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Permanent Pacemaker Implantations after Catheter Ablation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Associated with Underlying Sinus Node Dysfunction

Hwang TH, Yu HT, Kim TH, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Joung B, Lee MH, Pak HN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes and the incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation after catheter ablation in patients with of atrial...
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Comparative efficacy of three topical anesthetics on 7-11-year-old children: a randomized clinical study

Dasarraju , SVSG N

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of three intraoral topical anesthetics in reducing the injection needle prick pain from local anesthetic among children aged 7–11 years old. METHODS: It is a...
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Sevoflurane with opioid or dexmedetomidine infusions in dogs undergoing intracranial surgery: a retrospective observational study

Marquez-Grados F, Vettorato , Corletto F

This study reports the clinical use of two sevoflurane-based anesthetic techniques in dogs undergoing craniectomy. Twenty-one animals undergoing elective rostrotentorial or transfrontal craniectomy for brain tumor excision, anesthetized with sevoflurane,...
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Simultaneous Assessment of Left Ventricular Function and Coronary Artery Anatomy by Third-generation Dual-source Computed Tomography Using a Low Radiation Dose

Lee JW, Nam KJ, Kim JY, Jeong YJ, Lee G, Park SM, Lim SJ, Choo KS

BACKGROUND: To assess left ventricular function and coronary artery simultaneously by third-generation dual-source computed tomography (CT) using a low radiation dose. METHODS: A total of 48 patients (36 men, 12 women;...
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Standardization of measurement of cervical elastography, its reproducibility, and analysis of baseline clinical factors affecting elastographic parameters

Seol HJ, Sung JH, Seong WJ, Kim HM, Park HS, Kwon H, Hwang HS, Jung YJ, Kwon JY, Oh SY

OBJECTIVE: To provide a standardized protocol for the measurement of cervical strain elastography, present its reproducibility, and analyze baseline clinical factors affecting the measurement of elastographic parameters. METHODS: This study was...
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How Strong is the Evidence for the Anxiolytic Efficacy of Lavender?: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Kang HJ, Nam ES, Lee Y, Kim M

PURPOSE: Although lavender is purported to possess anxiolytic and sedative properties and is often recommended for relieving anxiety, the efficacy of lavender has not been well established. Thus, this review...
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Effects of Recumbent Bicycle Exercise on Cardiac Autonomic Responses and Hemodynamics Variables in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Kim SD, Lee SH, Lee HH, Jeong IG

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and efficiency of recumbent bicycle ergometer exercise by observing heart rate variability (HRV) and hemodynamic variables in patients with...
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Effects of Isometric Handgrip Exercise versus Aerobic Exercise on Arterial Stiffness and Brachial Artery Flow-Mediated Dilation in Older Hypertensive Patients

Yoon ES, Choo J, Kim JY, Jae SY

PURPOSE: Isometric handgrip exercise (IHE) is an easy and accessible form of exercise that has beneficial effects on blood pressure (BP). However, it remains unclear whether IHE is similar benefits...
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Comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of a mobile app (Little Lovely Dentist) and the tell-show-do technique in the management of dental anxiety and fear: a randomized controlled trial

Elicherla , Bandi S, Nuvvula S, Challa RS, Saikiran K, Priyanka V

BACKGROUND: Behavior guidance is a technique used to subdue inappropriate behavior by establishing communication that meets the needs of a child. This study aimed to measure the effectiveness of a...
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Comparison of clinical performance of i-gelⓇ and Baska MaskⓇ during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Choi SR, Lee TY, Kim SW, Park SY, Chung CJ, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: The supraglottic airway device is an appropriate alternative to tracheal intubation in laparoscopic surgery. We compared the Baska MaskⓇ with i-gelⓇ by measuring the oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) and...
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Metabolic and Hemodynamic Results and Early Complications in Simultaneous Bilateral versus Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy

Aguilera-Bohórquez B, Pachón M, Sánchez M, Ramos-Cardozo O, Cantor E

BACKGROUND: To compare the hemodynamic parameters—electrolyte concentration, D-dimer level, creatine phosphokinase level—and the incidence of early complications of simultaneous bilateral versus unilateral hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on...
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A physiology based model of heart rate variability

von Rosenberg W, Hoting MO, Mandic DP

Heart rate variability (HRV) is governed by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and is routinely used to estimate the state of body and mind. At the same time, recorded HRV...
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Inhaled Iloprost as a First-Line Therapy for Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn

Kim SH, Lee HJ, Kim NS, Park HK

PURPOSE: Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a potentially fatal disease. Inhaled iloprost, a stable analogue of prostacyclin, has recently been used as a therapeutic option. However, there...
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Heart and Brain Interaction of Psychiatric Illness: A Review Focused on Heart Rate Variability, Cognitive Function, and Quantitative Electroencephalography

Jung W, Jang KI, Lee SH

Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects beat-to-beat variability in the heart rate due to the dynamic interplay of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. HRV is considered an index of the...
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Fetal autonomic malfunction as a marker of fetal distress in growth-restricted fetuses: three case reports

Lakhno IV, Alexander

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is characterized by fetal compromise and delayed neurological maturation. We report 3 cases of early FGR in the 26th week of gestation, based on hemodynamic Doppler...
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Optimizing Contrast Medium Injection for Coronary CT Angiography Using Myocardial CT Perfusion Data

Tomizawa N, Chou S, Matsuoka S, Yamamoto K, Inoh S, Nojo T, Kumamaru K, Fujimoto S, Nakamura S

OBJECTIVE: To derive and validate a formula to predict the optimal amount of contrast medium for coronary CT angiography (CTA) from CT perfusion (CTP) data during comprehensive cardiac CT. MATERIALS AND...
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Comparison of pulse pressure variation and pleth variability index in the prone position in pediatric patients under 2 years old

Ji SH, Song IK, Jang YE, Kim EH, Lee JH, Kim JT, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: The assessment of intravascular volume status is very important especially in children during anesthesia. Pulse pressure variation (PPV) and pleth variability index (PVI) are well known parameters for assessing...
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Optic nerve sheath diameter changes during gynecologic surgery in the Trendelenburg position: comparison of propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia and sevoflurane anesthesia

Lee YY, Lee H, Park HS, Kim WJ, Baik HJ, Kim DY

BACKGROUND: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), a disadvantage of laparoscopic or robotic surgery, is caused by the steep angle of the Trendelenburg position and the COâ‚‚ pneumoperitoneum. Recently, sonographically measured optic...
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The Influence of Maximal Aerobic Capacity on the Two Years Cardiac Related Re-Hospitalization in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction in Korean Society

Ryu HY, Hong DS, Kim TH

PURPOSE: This study examined the influence of the maximal aerobic capacity on the two-year cardiac-related re-hospitalization in patients with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in Korean society. METHODS:...
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Neurophysiological and Psychological Predictors of Social Functioning in Patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder

Kim Y, Kwon A, Min D, Kim S, Jin MJ, Lee SH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine social functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and explore the psychological and neurophysiological predictors of social functioning. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients...
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