J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  1991 Nov;32(11):939-943.

Comparison of Normal Bacterial Flora in the Conjuntival Sac of Normal and Anophthalmic Eyes

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology. Korea Veterans Hospital, Korea.


A bacterial study of the conjunctival sac of 115 patients with an anophthalmic eye has compared the kinds of normal flora in the conjunctival sac of normal and anophthalmic eyes and investigated the susceptibility of the isolated bacteria to various antibiotics. Detection rate of bacteria were 35.7% and 69.6% in normal and anophthalmic eyes, respectively. In normal eyes S. epidermidis(40.4%) were isolated more frequently than S. aureus(21.3%), but the detection rate for each bacteria in anophthalmic eyes showed no significant differences. The incidence rate in kinds of bacterial flora in both conjunctival sacs of a person who has one anophthalmic eye was 37.5%, lower than that of a person with normal eyes(71.4% to 96.5%). Bacteria isolated from normal and anophthalmic conjunctiva were similarly sensitive to amikacin, cefazolin, erythromycin, oxacillin. and tobramycin and were resistant to ampicillin and penicllin.


Anophthalmos; Bacterial flora; Conjuntiva
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