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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Oral health condition according to distribution of periodontopathic bacterial complex

Kim JH, Lee DI, Im SU, Jeon ES, Song KB, Choi YH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the distribution of periodontopathic bacteria and oral conditions. METHODS: Stimulated saliva was collected from 162 adults aged 60 years...
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Antibacterial effect of different concentrations of Galla Chinensis extract on cariogenic bacteria in a biofilm model

Kim EJ, Jin BH

OBJECTIVES: Galla chinensis inhibited the adherence of planktonic oral bacteria and acid production by cariogenic bacteria. However, little is known about the relevant conditions of Galla Chinensis extract (GCE) exposure...
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Disadvantages of Complete No. 10 Lymph Node Dissection in Gastric Cancer and the Possibility of Spleen-Preserving Dissection: Review

Toriumi T, Terashima

Splenic hilar lymph node dissection has been the standard treatment for advanced proximal gastric cancer. Splenectomy is typically performed as part of this procedure. However, splenectomy has some disadvantages, such...
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Application of 16S rRNA Gene-Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing for Bacterial Pathogen Detection in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis

Kim YA, Kang EW, Moon HS, Kim D, Yong D

BACKGROUND: 16S rRNA gene-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) can detect microorganisms in a comprehensive reference database. To date, NGS has been successfully applied to samples such as urine, blood, and synovial...
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The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in mild to moderate isolated hydronephrosis detected in antenatal screening

Rianthavorn P, Phithaklimnuwong S

PURPOSE: To determine whether continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) could prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in mild to moderate antenatal isolated hydronephrosis (IH), characterized by hydronephrosis without ureter and bladder abnormalities,...
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Contamination Rate of Burnt Necrotic Tissue after Electrocoagulation in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Rattanaprichavej P, Laoruengthana A, Galassi M, Weerakul S, Rasamimongkol S

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the commonly found catastrophic complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, proper skin cleansing, shortened operative time, and sterility of...
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The human gastrointestinal microbiota and prostate cancer development and treatment

Sha S, Ni L, Stefil M, Dixon M, Mouraviev

The human gastrointestinal microbiome contains commensal bacteria and other microbiota that have been gaining increasing attention in the context of cancer development and response to treatment. Microbiota play a role...
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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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Preoperative sterile pyuria as a prognostic biomarker for intravesical recurrence in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma

Jeon BJ, Tae BS, Choi H, Bae JH, Kim JW, Park HS, Park JY

PURPOSE: To evaluate if preoperative sterile pyuria can be a prognostic factor for intravesical recurrence (IVR) and overall survival (OS)in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing surgery. MATERIALS AND...
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The Use of Inappropriate Antibiotics in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units with Nursing Home–Acquired Pneumonia at a Korean Teaching Hospital

Kim DH, Kim HJ, Koo HW, Bae W, Park SH, Koo HK, Park HK, Lee SS, Kang HK

BACKGROUND: Use of appropriate antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia is integral in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Although it is recommended that empirical treatment regimens should be...
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Bordetella bronchiseptica is a potent and safe adjuvant that enhances the antigen-presenting capability of dendritic cells

Lee YJ, Han Y, Joo HG

We previously demonstrated that Bordetella bronchiseptica (B. bronchiseptica) antigen (Ag) enhances the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Ag-specific immune response. The focus of this study was whether acellular bacterin of B. bronchiseptica could...
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Comparison of 16S Ribosomal RNA Targeted Sequencing and Culture for Bacterial Identification in Normally Sterile Body Fluid Samples: Report of a 10-Year Clinical Laboratory Review

Yoo IY, Kang OK, Lee MK, Kim YJ, Cho SY, Huh K, Kang CI, Chung DR, Peck KR, Huh HJ, Lee NY

As 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-targeted sequencing can detect DNA from non-viable bacteria, it can be used to identify pathogens from clinical samples even in patients pretreated with antibiotics. We compared...
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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Assessment of bacterial contamination of toothbrushes using Illumina MiSeq

Lee SY, Lee SY

Toothbrushes are commonly used to remove dental plaque, and the presence of bacteria on toothbrushes has been previously reported. Toothbrushes are contaminated by many bacteria after brushing, and contaminated toothbrushes...
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Antimicrobial effect of toothbrush with light emitting diode on dental biofilm attached to zirconia surface: an in vitro study

Park JH, Kim YG, Um HS, Lee SY, Lee JK, Chang BS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of a toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on periodontitis-associated dental biofilm attached to a zirconia surface by static...
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A Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter is a Safe and Reliable Alternative to Short-Term Central Venous Catheter for the Treatment of Trauma Patients

Ryu DY, Lee SB, Kim GW, Kim JH

PURPOSE: To determine whether a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) meets the goals of a low infection rate and long-term use in trauma patients. METHODS: From January 2016 to June 2018,...
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Efficient Utilization of Korean Medical Fungal Pathogen Resource Bank for Clinical Research

Kim J, Oh J, Sung GH, Lee H, Choi JS, Lee S, Kim M, Choi SY

A “pathogen resource” contains information about pathogens (e.g., bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa) and microbial derivatives (e.g., DNA, RNA, plasmid, clone, and cDNA). Pathogen resources are important for their potential...
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Prevalence and molecular characteristics of 16s rRNA methylase gene rmtB in amikacin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from South Korea

The production of rmtB-encoded 16S rRNA methylases has emerged as a novel mechanism promoting high-level resistance toward aminoglycosides in Gram-negative bacteria. Between 2015 and 2017, 636 distinct commensal Escherichia (E.)...
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Pathologic characteristics for the Rhodococcus equi infection in foals in Jeju

From 1996 to 2014, 14 foals from nine farms in Jeju were diagnosed with a Rhodococcus equi infection. Clinically, most foals showed characteristic respiratory signs, including hyperthermia and dyspnea. The...
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