Korean J Parasitol.  1997 Mar;35(1):55-62. 10.3347/kjp.1997.35.1.55.

Immunological properties of the 30 kDa antigen of toxoplasma gondii

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.

Abstract

The molecular weight 30 kDa membrane protein of Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasma 30 kDa) apparently conserved in most strains of T. gondii and sera of infected hosts. The present study aimed to elucidate Toxoplasma 30 kDa as a useful diagnostic antigen for serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis by ELISA and for induction of protective immunity. Murine spleen cells immunized with the membrane antigen of T. gondii were fused with mouse Sp2/O-Ag14 myeloma cells. Out of 8 clones selected, five were IgG2b, the others belonged to IgG1 and IgG2a. The 30 kDa antigen was distributed mainly on the surface membrane of tachyzoites by indirect fluorescence method. Murine peritoneal macrophages which were activated by 30 kDa antigen produced more amounts of NO2 compared with crude antigen-treated group, however there were no significant differences in toxoplamacidal activity between the two groups. Higher specificity of Toxoplasma 30 kDa antigen was recognized for serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis than the crude antigen. From these results, Toxoplasma 30 kDa antigen enhances the cytotoxic effect of macrophages as well as a more reliable means for the serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis by ELISA.

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