Korean J Anat.  1997 Feb;30(1):79-86.

Effect of a Rostral Basal Forebrain Lesion on Neuropeptide Containing Neurons in the Rat Cerebral Cortex


The present study was designed to elucidate the effects of rostral basal forebrain lesions on neuropeptide containing neurons in the cerebral cortex. Nine male Sprague-Dawley rats[250-300gm] received bilateral injections of ibotenic acid into the basal forebrain[A : +0.7mm, L : 2.3mm, D : 8.6mm] and additional five served as sham operated animals. Brains were removed at 8-14 days after lesioning and frozen coronal sections of 40 micrometer thickness were made. Immunohistochemical staining was performed against the somatostatin[SOM], neuropeptide Y[NPY], and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide[VIP]. No differences were observed in the number of the SOM-immunoreactive[SOM-ir] or NPY-ir neurons between the lesioned and the control groups. Density of the NPY-ir fibers also did not show any significant difference between the two groups. In contrast, the number of VIP-ir neurons in the frontal cortex was significantly reduced following the basal forebrain lesioning. These results suggest the functional relationship between the basal forebrain and the cortical VIP-ir neurons.


Basal forebrain lesion; Ibotenic acid; Rat cerebral cortex; Immunohistochemistry; Somatostatin; Neuropeptide Y; Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
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