Korean J Blood Transfus.  2012 Dec;23(3):224-235.

An Experience of Blood Transfusion by Difference of the Count of Fusion Segments in Lumbosacral Spinal Fusion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. nsped1@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
A large amount of blood is lost during spinal fusion surgery; therefore, a blood transfusion is required. In this study, we analyzed the amount of transfusion and hemodynamic changes in relation to the count of fusion segments in lumbosacral spinal surgeries.
METHODS
We analyzed 67 patients who had undergone lumbosacral fusion. They were divided into five groups according to the levels of fusion segments (one level: Group 1, two levels: Group 2, three levels: Group 3, four levels: Group 4 and above three levels: Groups 3+4). Total amounts of transfusion and perioperative hemodynamic changes were compared among each group.
RESULTS
Of the total 67 cases, 40 cases were Group 1, 19 cases were Group 2, five cases were Group 3, three cases were Group 4, and eight cases were Groups 3+4. Average volume of Red Blood Cell (RBC) transfusion per operation was 703+/-463 mL (Group 1), 934+/-372 mL (Group 2), 1,677+/-847 mL (Group 3), 1,231+/-412 mL (Group 4), and 1,509+/-669 mL (Group 3+4); and average volume of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) per operation was 55+/-141 mL (Group 1), 108+/-181 mL (Group 2), 306+/-368 mL (Group 3), 567+/-260 mL (Group 4), and 404+/-317 mL (Groups 3+4). Eight patients received transfusion of Platelet Concentrate (PC); each patient received 10 units (400 mL). The preoperative mean level of hemoglobin and platelet was 13.62+/-1.47 g/dL and 245+/-60x10(3)/microliter, postoperatively, 10.26+/-1.14 g/dL and 150+/-46x10(3)/microliter.
CONCLUSION
As the fusion segments increase, the need for transfusion of RBC, FFP, and PC increases. Application of the Maximum Surgical Blood Order Schedule (MSBOS) system is required in the planning of spinal fusion, especially in multiple segments.

Keyword

Blood transfusion; Lumbosacral region; Spinal fusion
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