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Cervical Spine Deformity Correction Techniques

Dru AB, Lockney DT, Vaziri S, Decker M, Polifka AJ, Fox WC, Hoh DJ

Cervical kyphotic deformity can be a debilitating condition with symptoms ranging from mechanical neck pain, radiculopathy, and myelopathy to impaired swallowing and horizontal gaze. Surgical correction of cervical kyphosis has...
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Is Adjacent Segment Disease More Frequent in Proximal Levels in Comparison with Distal Levels? Based on Radiological Data of at Least 2 Years Follow Up with More than 2 Level Thoracolumbar Fusions

Kim JH, Ryu DS, Yoon SH

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine which of the proximal adjacent segment disease (ASD) and distal ASD was more prevalent and what parameters is more related...
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Prevention of Adjacent Segmental Disease after Fusion in Degenerative Spinal Disorder: Correlation between Segmental Lumbar Lordosis Ratio and Pelvic Incidence–Lumbar Lordosis Mismatch for a Minimum 5-Year Follow-up

Kim WJ, Ma CH, Kim SH, Min YS, Lee JW, Chang SH, Park KH, Park KY, Song DG, Choy WS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: Associations among risk factors related to adjacent segmental disease (ASD) remain unclear. We evaluated the risk factors and segmental lordosis ratio to prevent ASD developing after...
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Prospective Evaluation of Radiculitis following Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Use for Transforaminal Interbody Arthrodesis in Spine Surgery

Sebastian , Wanderman , Currier BL, Pichelmann MA, Treder VM, Fogelson J, Clarke MJ, Nassr AN

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with regard to postoperative...
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Risk Factors of Allogenous Bone Graft Collapse in Two-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Woo JB, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its...
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Effect of Cage in Radiological Differences between Direct and Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion Techniques

Ko MJ, Park SW, Kim YB

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have reported direct comparative data of lumbar spine angles between direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) and oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF). The purpose of this study was...
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Correction of Spondylolisthesis by Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Compared with Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion at L4–5

Ko MJ, Park SW, Kim YB

OBJECTIVE: In an aging society, the number of patients with symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is increasing and there is an emerging need for fusion surgery. However, few studies have compared...
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Trunk Muscle Strength After Lumbar Spine Fusion: A 12-Month Follow-up

Ilves OE, Neva MH, Häkkinen , Dekker J, Kraemer WJ, Tarnanen S, Kyrölä K, Ylinen J, Piitulainen K, Järvenpää S, Kaistila T, Häkkinen

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in trunk muscle strength 12 months after lumbar spine fusion (LSF) compared to preoperative strength. METHODS: A total of 194 patients...
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Lack of Current Recommendations for Resuming Sexual Activity Following Spinal Surgery

Thomas CM, Levene HB

Patients are faced with many questions surrounding the after effects of the various surgical procedures and their ability to return to preoperative activities. While patients often question whether surgery would...
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Utilization of Spinal Navigation to Facilitate Hassle-Free Rod Placement during Minimally-Invasive Long-Construct Posterior Instrumentation

Kaliya-Perumal AK, Limthongkul W, Oh JY

During minimally-invasive long-construct posterior instrumentation, it may be challenging to contour and place the rod as the screw heads are not visualized. To overcome this, we utilized the image data...
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Demographic Analysis of Lumbar Pedicle Diameters in a Diverse Population

Albano J, Lentz J, Stockton R, DePalma V, Markowitz , Ganz M, Katsigiorgis G, Grewal K

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PURPOSE: We sought to determine the differences in pedicle diameter (PD) in the lumbar spine between various races: ‘Asian,’‘Black,’‘White,’ and ‘Other.’ These data could aid in...
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Does the Cage Position in Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Determine Unilateral versus Bilateral Screw Placement?: A Review of the Literature

McKissack , Levene HB

This literature review examines the relative placement of the interbody cage with respect to the unilateral screw construct to address the need for bilateral screw placement versus unilateral screw placement....
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Does the Surgical Timing and Decompression Alone or Fusion Surgery in Lumbar Stenosis Influence Outcome in Cauda Equina Syndrome?

Dave BR, Samal P, Sangvi R, Degulmadi , Patel D, Krishnan A

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative analysis of 64 patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES), who underwent either decompression alone (NF) or fusion (F) surgery. PURPOSE: We compared the outcomes and timing...
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Effect of Spine-Pelvis Relationship in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Lee SH, Lim CW, Choi KY, Jo S

When spine-pelvic motion is normally coordinated, the pelvis may tilt posteriorly and acetabular anteversion may increase as the patient's position changes from standing to sitting; this scenario allows for improved...
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The Concept for A Standalone Lordotic Endoscopic Wedge Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The LEW-LIF

Lewandrowski KU, Ransom NA, Ramírez León JF, Yeung A

OBJECTIVE: To review concepts of a standalone endoscopically assisted lumbar interbody fusion as a simplified method to treat spinal instability. METHODS: MacNab outcomes and complications were analyzed in a series of...
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A Randomized Controlled Trial of Topical Application of Tranexamic Acid in Patients with Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma Undergoing Long-Segment Instrumented Posterior Spinal Fusion

Sudprasert W, Tanaviriyachai T, Choovongkomol K, Jongkittanakul S, Piyapromdee U

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of topically applied tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative blood loss of neurologically intact patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
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Role of Posterior Ligamentous Reinforcement in Proximal Junctional Kyphosis: A Cadaveric Biomechanical Study

Kim JS, Cheung ZB, Arvind V, Caridi J, Cho SK

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric biomechanical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to biomechanically evaluate the effect of preserving or augmenting the interspinous ligament (ISL) and supraspinous ligament (SSL; ISL/SSL) complex...
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Radiologic Comparison of the Sacroiliac Joint Degeneration Following Lumbar or Lumbosacral Fusion

Yi J, Nam WD

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the degeneration of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) following lumbar or lumbosacral fusion. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The SIJ is adjacent to lumbosacral junction and its degeneration...
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Comparative Measurements of Preoperative and Postoperative Radiological and Clinical Parameters of Direct Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative Spinal Disease Patients

Kim WJ, Hong YC, Soh JW, Kim CH, Jang H, Hong CH

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively-collected data. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the radiological outcomes of direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion (DLIF). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: DLIF, as a minimally invasive spinal surgical procedure,...
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Learning Curve for Robot-Assisted Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Placement in Thoracolumbar Surgery

Kam JK, Gan C, Dimou S, Awad M, Kavar B, Nair G, Morokoff A

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of an initial cohort of consecutive patients undergoing robot-assisted pedicle screw placement. PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the learning curve, if any, of this new technology over...
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