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Comparison between Anterior Cervical Decompression with Fusion and Posterior Cervical Fusion with Wide Facetectomy for Treatment of Severe Bony Foraminal Stenosis

Lee S, Cho DC, Chon H, Roh SW, Choi I, Park JH

Objective : To compare the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior cervical fusion (PCF) with wide facetectomy in the treatment of parallel-shaped bony foraminal stenosis (FS). Methods : Thirty-six...
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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulators Efficacy for Noninvasive Bone Growth in Spine Surgery

Fiani B, Kondilis A, Runnels J, Rippe P, Davati C

The growth of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy and its progress over the years for use in post-operative bone growth has been revolutionary in its effect on bone tissue proliferation...
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Selection of Fusion Level for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery : Selective Fusion versus Postoperative Decompensation

Kim DH, Hyun SJ, Kim KJ

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is associated with an extensive range of clinical and radiological presentations, is the one of the most challenging spinal disorders. The goals of surgery are...
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A Prospective, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of the Synthetic Bone Graft Material DBM Gel with rhBMP-2 versus DBM Gel Used during the TLIF Procedure in Patients with Lumbar Disc Disease

Hyun SJ, Yoon SH, Kim JH, Oh JK, Lee CH, Shin JJ, Kang J, Ha Y

Objective : This study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) gel versus DBM gel with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) used in transforaminal...
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Learning Curve and Complications Experience of Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion : A Single-Center 143 Consecutive Cases

Oh BK, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Sung SK, Lee SW, Song GS

Objective : Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is becoming the preferred treatment for degenerative lumbar diseases. As beginners, we performed 143 surgeries over 19 months. In these consecutive cases, we...
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The Fate of Proximal Junctional Vertebral Fractures after Long-Segment Spinal Fixation : Are There Predictable Radiologic Characteristics for Revision surgery?

Jang HJ, Park JY, Kuh SU, Chin DK, Kim KS, Cho YE, Hahn BS, Kim KH

Objective : To investigate the radiographic characteristics of the uppermost instrumented vertebrae (UIV) and UIV+1 compression fractures that are predictive of revision surgery following long-segment spinal fixation. Methods : A total...
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Continuous wound infiltration of ropivacaine for reducing of postoperative pain after anterior lumbar fusion surgery: a clinical retrospective comparative study

Lee SM, Yun DJ, Lee SH, Lee HC, Joeng KH

Background: Local anesthetic infiltration at the site of a surgical wound is commonly used to control postoperative pain. In this study, we examined the effectiveness of continuous local infiltration at...
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National Trends and Correlates of Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery

Perez-Roman RJ, Luther EM, McCarthy D, Lugo-Pico JG, Leon-Correa R, Vanni S, Wang MY

Objective: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the most common performed surgery in the cervical spine. Dysphagia is one of the most frequent complications following ACDF. Several studies have...
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Robot-Guided Transforaminal Versus Robot-Guided Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative Disease

Staartjes VE, Battilana B, Schröder ML

Objective: There have been no clinical studies comparing different robotic techniques. We compare minimally invasive, robot-guided transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (RGTLIF) and mini-open robot-guided posterior lumbar interbody fusion (RG-PLIF). Methods: Using...
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Effects of Body Mass Index on Perioperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery

Perez-Roman RJ, McCarthy D, Luther EM, Lugo-Pico JG, Leon-Correa R, Gaztanaga W, Madhavan K, Vanni S

Objective: Obesity has become a public health crisis and continues to be on the rise. An elevated body mass index has been linked to higher rates of spinal degenerative disease...
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Comparative Effectiveness of Laterally Placed Expandable versus Static Interbody Spacers: A 1-Year Follow-Up Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes Study

Li YM, Frisch RF, Huang Z, Towner JE, Li YI, Edsall AL, Ledonio C

Study Design: Retrospective chart review. Purpose: This study compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with expandable and static interbody spacers following minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-LLIF)...
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A Narrative Review of Development of Full-Endoscopic Lumbar Spine Surgery

Wu PH, Kim HS, Jang IT

In the first phase of development of lumbar endoscopic spine surgery, the focus was on removal of soft disc material through the working corridor of Kambin’s triangle using transforaminal endoscopic...
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Functional Recovery Program after Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Kang T, Park SY, Lee SH

As the elderly population increases, the incidence of lumbar fusion is increasing, and there has been increasing interest in rapid rehabilitation and functional recovery after surgery. Enhanced recovery after surgery...
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Bicortical Screw Purchase at Upper Instrumented Vertebra (UIV) Can Cause UIV Fracture After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Finite Element Analysis Study

Wui SH, Hyun SJ, Kang B, Kim KJ, Jahng TA, Kim HJ

Objective: To examine the biomechanical stress distribution at the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) according to unicortical- and bicortical purchase model by finite element analysis (FEA). Methods: A T8 to Sacrum with...
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Chitosan-Hydroxyapatite Scaffold for Tissue Engineering in Experimental Lumbar Laminectomy and Posterolateral Spinal Fusion in Wistar Rats

Rodríguez-Vázquez M, Ramos-Zúñiga R

Study Design: Experimental study with an animal model. Purpose: To evaluate the role of a chitosan and hydroxyapatite composite for spinal fusion in a lumbar experimental model based on regenerative tissue...
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Polyetheretherketone Versus Titanium Cages for Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Meta-Analysis and Review of the Literature

Massaad E, Fatima N, Kiapour A, Hadzipasic M, Shankar GM, Shin JH

Objective: Lumbar fusion with implantation of interbody cage is a common procedure for treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. This study aims to compare the fusion and subsidence rates of titanium...
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Radiological and Clinical Outcomes of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion in Older Patients: A Comparative Analysis of Young-Old Patients (Ages 65–74 Years) and Middle-Old Patients (Over 75 Years)

Lee CH, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Sung SK, Lee SW, Song GS

Objective: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the most commonly performed procedure for degenerative cervical spondylosis. Because of its relatively low invasiveness and surgical procedure, old age is not...
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Rigid-Plating and Cortico-Cancellous Allograft Are Effective for 3-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes

Louie PK, Sexton AC, Bohl DD, Tabaraee E, Presciutti SM, Mayo BC, Paul JC, Saifi C, An HS

Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with radiographic changes and clinical outcomes following 3-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using rigidplate constructs and cortico-cancellous allograft. ACDF has demonstrated...
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Methods and Early Clinical Results of Percutaneous Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Nakamura S, Ito F, Ito Z, Shibayama M

Objective: Percutaneous lumbar interbody fusion (PELIF) is a procedure that includes the use of new devices, which allow minimally invasive diskectomy under the percutaneous full-endoscopic guidance and safe percutaneous insertion...
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Selection of the Lowest Instrumented Vertebra and Relative Odds Ratio of Distal Adding-on for Lenke Type 1A and 2A Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Liu CW, Lenke LG, Tan LA, Oh T, Chao KH, Lin SD, Pan RY

Objective: To examine existing literature and pool the data to determine the relative odds ratio of “adding-on” (AO) based on various reported criteria for lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) selection in...
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