J Prev Med Public Health.  2011 Mar;44(2):93-100. 10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.2.93.

A Factor of Fasting Blood Glucose and Dietary Patterns in Korean Adults Using Data From the 2007, 2008 and 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Social Welfare, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. ajoujkh@ajou.ac.kr
  • 3Graduate School of Public Health, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to identify the socioeconomic factors, health behavior factors and dietary patterns that have an influence on the fasting blood glucose in adults.
METHODS
This study used data collected from the 2007, 2008, 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The final sample included 4163 subjects who were 30-59 years old and who had completed the necessary health examinations, the health behaviors survey and nutrition survey.
RESULTS
Eleven dietary patterns emerged from the factor analysis with different factor loading. After controlling for potential confounders, multiple regression analysis of the dietary patterns showed that 'fruits', 'alcohols', and 'starchy foods' affected the fasting blood. Lower consumption of 'fruits' and higher consumption of 'alcohols' and 'starch foods' were significantly associated only with an increased risk of high blood glucose.
CONCLUSIONS
In the light of the results of this study, it appears pretty likely that the risk of developing high blood glucose can be reduced by changing a person's dietary patterns.

Keyword

Dietary pattern; Fasting blood glucose
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