J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2015 Dec;39(4):280-287. 10.11149/jkaoh.2015.39.4.280.

A factor of periodontal disease and dietary patterns in Korean adults using data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Social Welfare, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Health Administration, Baekseok Arts University, Korea.
  • 3Health Insurance Police Research Institute, National Health Insurance Service, Seoul, Korea. back200@nhis.or.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was aimed to identify the socioeconomic factors, health behavior factors and dietary patterns that have an influence on the periodontal disease in adults.
METHODS
This study used data collected from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES V-1). The final sample included 2,386 subjects who were 30-59 years old and who had completed the necessary health examinations, the health behaviors survey and nutrition survey.
RESULTS
Eleven dietary patterns emerged from the factor analysis with different factor loading. After controlling for potential confounders, multiple logistic regression analysis of the dietary patterns showed that 'legumes/mixed grains' and 'instant foods' affected the periodontal disease. Lower consumption of 'legumes/mixed grains' and higher consumption of 'instant foods' were significantly associated only with an increased risk of periodontal disease.
CONCLUSIONS
In the light of the results of this study, it appears pretty likely that the risk of developing periodontal disease can be reduced by changing a person's dietary patterns.

Keyword

Adults; Dietary pattern; Periodontal disease
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