Korean J Community Nutr.  2015 Apr;20(2):96-108. 10.5720/kjcn.2015.20.2.96.

Survey on Health-related Factors, Nutrition Knowledge and Food Habits of College Students in Wonju Area

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Nutrition and Cooking, Sangji Youngseo College, Wonju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Suwon Women's University, Suwon, Korea. a54759768@swc.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to investigate health-related factors, nutrition knowledge and food habits of college students in Wonju.
METHODS
A total of 442 (male: 221, female: 221) college students were recruited and a questionnaire-based survey was conducted. The general characteristics, health-related factors, nutrition knowledge, and food habits were investigated and data were analyzed using SPSS WIN (ver 21.0).
RESULTS
The body mass index (22.9 kg/m2 vs 20.9 kg/m2, p < 0.001) was significantly higher in the males. The ratio of weight (p < 0.001) was significantly different between males and females. Health-related factor scores 'Exercise (p < 0.001)', 'Number of exercise (p < 0.001)', 'Times of exercise (p < 0.01)', 'Concerns about health (p < 0.05)', 'Health condition (p < 0.001)' were significantly higher in the males. 'Type of exercise (p < 0.001)' was significantly different between males and females. Score on 'Watching TV & computer games (p < 0.01)' was significantly higher in the females. Smoking (p < 0.001) was significantly higher in the males. Type of beverages consumed (p < 0.001) was significantly different between males and females. Nutrition knowledge score (11.8 vs 12.9, p < 0.05) was significantly higher in the females. Scores on 'Iron deficiency is leading to anemia (p < 0.01)' and 'carbonated beverages, such as coke, have no calorie (p < 0.05)' were significantly higher in the females. Food habits score (56.4 vs 53.7, p < 0.01) was significantly higher in the males. Scores on 'I have three meals a day (p < 0.01)', 'I have breakfast regularly (p < 0.001)', 'I have meals on time (p < 0.001)', 'I do exercise every day (p < 0.001)', 'I don't eat junk food often (p < 0.05)', 'I don't eat sweet food often (p < 0.05)', and 'I don't eat out often (p < 0.05)' were significantly higher in the males.
CONCLUSIONS
Nutritional education for college students is needed in order to improve their health and nutritional education program should be tailored to meet various needs of these students.

Keyword

Health-related Factors; Nutrition Knowledge; Food Habits
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