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The Effect of Patient-controlled Intravenous Analgesia (PCIA) on Postoperative Delirium in Patients with Liver Transplantation: a Propensity Score Matching Analysis

Son HJ, Jeong U, Choi K, Park JY, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Lee TB, Choi BH, Choi YJ

Objectives: Postoperative opioid use and pain are related to postoperative delirium. This study aims to compare the incidence of delirium in patients with and without patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) among...
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Unexpected extrusion of the implantable pulse generator of the spinal cord stimulator - A case report -

Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park H, Kim HJ, Yoon JU, Byeon GJ

Background: Despite significant technological advances in the implantable pulse generator (IPG), complications can still occur. We report a case that unexpected extrusion of the IPG of spinal cord stimulation (SCS)...
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Celiac Plexus Neurolysis for the Treatment of Patients with Terminal Cancer at a Tertiary University Hospital in Korea

Byeon GJ, Park JY, Choi YM, Ri HS, Yoon JU, Choi EJ

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate celiac plexus neurolysis (CPN) for the treatment of cancerous upper abdominal pain in a tertiary university hospital in Korea. Methods: At the...
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Effect of anesthetic method on incidence of delirium after total hip replacement arthroplasty in South Korea: a population-based study using National Health Insurance claims data

Choi EJ, Choi YJ, Lee SW, Choi YM, Ri HS, Park JY, Park SJ, Son JM, Lee YS

Background: There are various reports on the effects of the anesthetic method on neurologic complications. A population-based study was conducted to estimate the effect of anesthetic method on the incidence...
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The effect of dexmedetomidine and midazolam on combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Choi YM, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park JY, You JA, Byeon GJ

Background: Intravenous dexmedetomidine has been reported to potentiate the anesthetic effect of local anesthetics and improve the quality of postoperative analgesia when used as an adjuvant in neuraxial block. We...
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The effect of early extubation on postoperative delirium in patients with liver transplantation: a propensity score matching analysis

Choi YM, Choi YJ, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park JY, Koh KH, Yoon SZ, Cha JR, Lee KS

BACKGROUND: Maintenance of tracheal intubation is associated with use of sedatives, stress due to mechanical ventilation, or respiratory complications. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence of...
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Persistent Complete Atrioventricular Block after Induction of General Anesthesia in a Healthy Patient

Byeon GJ, Kim HJ, Ri HS, Lee SS, Kim HY

A 38-year-old female patient had bradycardia in the preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG), and she showed severe bradycardia, with the heart rate (HR) under 40 beats per minute (bpm) even after arrival...
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Fatal neurological complication after liver transplantation in acute hepatic failure patient with hepatic encephalopathy

Kim JY, Ri HS, Yoon JU, Choi EJ, Kim HJ, Park JY

Liver transplantation is a current definitive treatment for those with end-stage liver disease. Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of hepatic failure, which can be improved and aggravated by various...
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Delayed diagnosis of postintubation tracheal laceration in a patient who underwent septorhinoplasty including osteotomy: A case report

Son HJ, Mun SJ, Koh JW, Kim TW, Ri HS, Kim HJ, Yeo GE, Lee DK, Choi YJ

Iatrogenic postintubation tracheal injury is a rare but potentially fatal complication associated with anesthesia. However, as signs of tracheal injury including subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and respiratory distress may also...
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The Association of Preoperative Body Mass Index with Acute Kidney Injury in Liver Transplantation Recipients: A Retrospective Study

Park JY, Park JH, Lee SS, Ri HS, Kim HJ, Choi YM, Choi YJ, Yoon JU

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a complicated procedure with a high incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Previous studies indicate that even transient or mild post-LT AKI can result...
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Optimal dose of dexmedetomidine for sedation during epidural anesthesia

Ri HS, Baek SH, Yoon JU, Byeon GJ, Kim HY, Yoon JP

BACKGROUND: Sedation during epidural anesthesia can reduce patients' anxiety and discomfort. Dexmedetomidine has sedative, hypnotic, and analgesic effects, with minimal respiratory depression. However, the use of dexmedetomidine is associated with...
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Post-operative intravenous patient-controlled analgesic efficacy of morphine with ketorolac versus nefopam after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery: a randomized non-inferiority trial

Yoon JU, Byeon GJ, Cheon JH, Choi YM, Ri HS, Baik SW

BACKGROUND: Nefopam is a non-opioid non-steroidal centrally acting analgesic. This study was conducted to assess the analgesic efficacy of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) using nefopam alone, compared with a combination...
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Infusion Methods for Continuous Interscalene Brachial Plexus Block for Postoperative Pain Control after Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

Byeon GJ, Shin SW, Yoon JU, Kim EJ, Baek SH, Ri HS

BACKGROUND: Infusion methods during regional analgesia using perineural catheters may influence the quality of postoperative analgesia. This study was conducted to compare the effects of combined or bolus-only infusion of...
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Transesophageal imaging of a left main coronary artery ostium occlusion in infective endocarditis: a case report

Kim HY, Baek SH, Kim HJ, Ri HS, Lee SJ

A 43-year-old woman was admitted due to fever, chills, and headache for several days and was diagnosed as infective endocarditis. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination confirmed severe aortic stenosis and...
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Foreign Body Removal at Right Main Bronchus in A Neonate

Ri HS, Shin SW, Baek SH, Kim HJ, Lee SJ, Baik SW

Foreign body in the airway could be a life-threatening risk, especially for young pediatric patients. A 6-day old male patient with foreign body, which was located deep in the right...
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Searching for Hidden, Painful Osteochondral Lesions of the Ankle in Patients with Chronic Lower Limb Pain: Two Case Reports

Ri HS, Lee DH, Kim KH

It is easy to overlook osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the ankle in patients with chronic lower limb pain, such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) or thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, Buerger's...
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Large Dose Dexmedetomidine in a Patient during Sedation for Invasive Oral Procedure

Baek IY, Yoon JU, Kim NW, Ri HS, Kim CH, Yoon JY

Certain oral procedures require a sedated patient who is responsive to allow for the mouth opening and position change. Dexmedetomidine is a relatively selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist with sedative, analgesic, amnestic,...
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The proper effect site concentration of remifentanil for prevention of myoclonus after etomidate injection

Ri HS, Shin SW, Kim TK, Baik SW, Yoon JU, Byeon GJ

BACKGROUND: Etomidate frequently induces myoclonus when administered intravenously with bolus injection during anesthetic induction. This can be bothersome for the anesthesiologist. The dose of remifentanil appropriate for preventing myoclonus without...
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