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High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy Can Be Effective for Patients in Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure with Hypercapnia: a Retrospective, Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study

Bae S, Han M, Kim C, Lee H, Ahn JJ, Kim JH, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Usually, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is indicated for de novo acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). Although only a few researches have examined the effectiveness of HFNC therapy for...
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One-Year Clinical Outcomes between Single- versus Multi-Staged PCI for ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction with Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease: from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH)

Ahn KT, Oh JK, Seong SW, Jin SA, Lee JH, Choi SW, Jeong MH, Chae SC, Kim YJ, Kim CJ, Kim HS, Cho MC, Gwon HC, Jeong JO, Seong IW, Other Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry Investigators

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions...
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Characteristics of Appendicular Tissue Components in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Koo BS, Yoon BH

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of appendicular lean mass (ALM) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to analyze appendicular tissue components in patients with...
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Hypoglycemia and Dementia Risk in Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis of a Population-Based Cohort Study

Kim YG, Park DG, Moon SY, Jeon JY, Kim HJ, Kim DJ, Lee KW, Han SJ

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk for dementia. The effects of hypoglycemia on dementia are controversial. Thus, we evaluated whether hypoglycemia increases the risk...
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A Propensity Score Matching Analysis Showed the Significant Association of Anterior Uveitis With Radiographic Progression in Axial Spondyloarthritis

Park MC

No abstract available.
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Impact of Thrombus Aspiration on Clinical Outcomes in Korean Patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Seong SW, Ahn KT, Kim M, Jin SA, Lee SY, Jeong MH, Jeong JO, Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health investigators

We evaluated whether thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces adverse clinical outcomes within 30-days and 1-year periods. There is no well-designed, Korean data about the clinical...
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Circulating Tumor Cell Number Is Associated with Primary Tumor Volume in Patients with Lung Adenocarcinoma

Kang BJ, Ra SW, Lee K, Lim S, Son SH, Ahn JJ, Kim BC

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are frequently detected in patients with advanced-stage malignant tumors and could act as a predictor of poor prognosis. However, there is a paucity of data...
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Comparison of First-Line Dual Combination Treatments in Hypertension: Real-World Evidence from Multinational Heterogeneous Cohorts

You SC, Jung S, Swerdel JN, Ryan PB, Schuemie M, Suchard MA, Lee S, Cho J, Hripcsak G, Park RW, Park S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: 2018 ESC/ESH Hypertension guideline recommends 2-drug combination as initial anti-hypertensive therapy. However, real-world evidence for effectiveness of recommended regimens remains limited. We aimed to compare the effectiveness...
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The mortality benefit of carvedilol versus bisoprolol in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

Choi KH, Lee GY, Choi JO, Jeon ES, Lee HY, Lee SE, Kim JJ, Chae SC, Baek SH, Kang SM, Choi DJ, Yoo BS, Kim KH, Cho MC, Park HY, Oh BH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is unknown whether different β-blockers (BBs) have variable effects on long-term survival of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This study compares the effects of...
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Reduction of PaCOâ‚‚ by high-flow nasal cannula in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure patients receiving conventional oxygen therapy

Lee HW, Choi SM, Lee J, Park YS, Lee CH, Yoo CG, Kim YW, Han SK, Lee SM

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) could help to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from anatomical dead spaces, but evidence to support that is lacking. The...
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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening is important for surgeons

Hyun IK, Park PJ, Park D, Choi SB, Han HJ, Song TJ, Jung CW, Kim WB

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Perioperative surgical site infection (SSI) remains a morbid complication even in successful surgical procedures. We encountered an unusual experience of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-related SSI outbreak in our...
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Early versus late surgical management for complicated appendicitis in adults: a multicenter propensity score matching study

Kim JY, Kim JW, Park JH, Kim BC, Yoon SN

PURPOSE: Surgeons may be uncertain about the optimal timing of appendectomy to decrease complications, especially for complicated appendicitis. The aim of the study was to compare clinical outcomes between early...
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Prognostic significance of malnutrition for long-term mortality in community-acquired pneumonia: a propensity score matched analysis

Yeo HJ, Byun KS, Han J, Kim JH, Lee SE, Yoon SH, Jeon D, Kim YS, Cho WH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The impact of malnutrition on the outcome of hospitalized adults with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been fully investigated. This study evaluated the prevalence and prognostic significance of malnutrition...
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Multimodal analgesia with multiple intermittent doses of erector spinae plane block through a catheter after total mastectomy: a retrospective observational study

Hong B, Bang S, Chung W, Yoo S, Chung J, Kim S

BACKGROUND: Although case reports have suggested that the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) may help analgesia for patients after breast surgery, no study to date has assessed its effectiveness. This...
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The effect of early extubation on postoperative delirium in patients with liver transplantation: a propensity score matching analysis

Choi YM, Choi YJ, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park JY, Koh KH, Yoon SZ, Cha JR, Lee KS

BACKGROUND: Maintenance of tracheal intubation is associated with use of sedatives, stress due to mechanical ventilation, or respiratory complications. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence of...
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Comparison of Breast Conserving Surgery Followed by Radiation Therapy with Mastectomy Alone for Pathologic N1 Breast Cancer Patients in the Era of Anthracycline Plus Taxane-Based Chemotherapy: A Multicenter Retrospective Study (KROG 1418)

Yoo GS, Park W, Yu JI, Choi DH, Kim YJ, Shin KH, Wee CW, Kim K, Park KR, Kim YB, Ahn SJ, Lee JH, Kim JH, Chun M, Lee HS, Kim JS, Cha J

PURPOSE: We compared the oncologic outcomes of breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy (BCS+RT) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) under anthracycline plus taxane-based (AT) regimens and investigated the role of adjuvant...
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Utility of Computed Tomography in a Differential Diagnosis for the Patients with an Initial Diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation

Park HJ, Kim SH, Kim HC, Lee BY, Lee SW, Lee JS, Lee SD, Seo JB, Oh YM

BACKGROUND: The utility of computed tomography (CT) in the differential diagnosis of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation remains uncertain. However, due to the low cost associated with...
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The Incidences and Characteristics of Various Cancers in Patients on Dialysis: a Korean Nationwide Study

Kwon SK, Han JH, Kim HY, Kang G, Kang M, Kim YJ, Min J

BACKGROUND: The numbers of patients on dialysis and their life expectancies are increasing. Reduced renal function is associated with an increased risk of cancer, but the cancer incidence and sites...
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Comparison of Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass between Octogenarians and Septuagenarians: A Propensity Score Analysis

Lee SO, Lee H, Cho YH, Jeong DS, Lee YT, Kim WS

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is being offered increasingly frequently to octogenarians. However, old age is known to be an independent risk factor in CABG. The aim of this...
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The Proximal Optimization Technique Improves Clinical Outcomes When Treated without Kissing Ballooning in Patients with a Bifurcation Lesion

Yang JH, Lee JM, Park TK, Song YB, Hahn JY, Choi JH, Choi SH, Yu CW, Chun WJ, Oh JH, Koo BK, Jeong JO, Kim HS, Gwon HC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are limited data regarding the clinical efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We investigated the influence of POT...
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