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Management of Antibiotic-Resistant Helicobacter pylori Infection: Perspectives from Vietnam

Van Khien , Thang DM, Hai TM, Duat NQ, Khanh PH, Ha DT, Binh TT, Dung HD, Trang TT, Yamaoka Y

Antibiotic resistance is the most important factor leading to the failure of eradication regimens. This review focuses on the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori primary and secondary resistance to clarithromycin, metronidazole,...
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Corneal Ulcer Caused by Corynebacterium macginleyi

Bang SR, Ahn M, Cho NC, You IC

PURPOSE: To report a case of a Corynebacterium macginleyi-infected corneal ulcer of a patient who had been treated for conjunctivitis for more than 3 months. CASE SUMMARY: A 72-year-old female was...
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Can Aminoglycosides Be Used as a New Treatment for Helicobacter pylori? In vitro Activity of Recently Isolated Helicobacter pylori

Lee KH, Park SY, Jeong SJ, Jung DH, Kim JH, Jeong SH, Kang IM, Song YG

BACKGROUND: Smectite can serve as a drug delivery system and gentamicin-intercalated smectite hybrids are expected to supersede the standard therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. The aim of this study was...
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Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Invasive and Noninvasive Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Korea between 2014 and 2016

Park DC, Kim SH, Yong D, Suh IB, Kim YR, Yi J, Song W, Song SA, Moon HW, Lee HK, Park KU, Kim S, Jeong SH, Lee J, Jeong J, Kim YK, Lee M, Cho J, Kim JW, Shin KS, Hwang SH, Chung JW, Woo HI, Lee CH, Ryoo N, Chang CL, Kim HS, Kim J, Shin JH, Kim SH, Lee MK, Lee SG, Jang SJ, Lee K, Suh H, Sohn YH, Kwon MJ, Lee HJ, Hong KH, Woo KS, Park CM, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We...
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Association between the Levofloxacin Plasma Concentration and Neurological Adverse Events in an Elderly Patient

Kang G, Min SH, Kim JK, Kang KW

No abstract available.
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Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Yoon SW, Choi JC

Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world's leading cause of death from a single infectious disease. In addition, the incidence of TB is high in South Korea. Effective TB control requires early...
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Concurrent Use of Sulfonylureas and Antimicrobials of the Elderly in Korea: A Potential Risk of Hypoglycemia

Lee S, Ock M, Kim H

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have noted that the simultaneous use of sulfonylureas and antimicrobials, which is common, could increase the risk of hypoglycemia. In particular, an age of 65 years or...
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Determining Genotypic Drug Resistance by Ion Semiconductor Sequencing With the Ion AmpliSeqâ„¢ TB Panel in Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates

Park J, Shin SY, Kim K, Park K, Shin S, Ihm C

BACKGROUND: We examined the feasibility of a full-length gene analysis for the drug resistance-related genes inhA, katG, rpoB, pncA, rpsL, embB, eis, and gyrA using ion semiconductor next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
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Medical Utilization and Antibiotics Use of Prostatitis Patients in Korea

Lee B, Choi YJ, Choi Y, Kong N, Choi M

BACKGROUND: Prostatitis, one of the most common diseases of the prostate, is a complex disease with various clinical features. This study aims to analyze the utilization and prescribing patterns of...
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A Case of Community-acquired Bacteremic Empyema Caused by Kocuria kristinae

Kim KY, Cho JH, Yu CM, Lee KJ, Lee JM, Koh S, Kwon M, Jeong D

Kocuria kristinae, part of the normal flora of the skin and oral mucosa, is seldom reported as a human pathogen; infection is mostly associated with immunocompromised patients in healthcare facilities....
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Peritoneal Dialysis-associated Peritonitis Caused by Chryseobacterium indologenes

Choi MW, Oh SS, Choi MR, Lee JH, Yang HJ, Sun IO, Lee KY

Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a nonmotile, gram-negative bacillus that is widely distributed in nature. Generally considered nonpathogenic, C. indologenes rarely infects humans and is not normally present in the...
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The Evolving Epidemiology of Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains Isolated from Adults in Crete, Greece, 2009–2016

Maraki S, Mavromanolaki VE, Stafylaki , Hamilos G, Samonis G

BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in patients with comorbidities and advanced age. This study evaluated trends in epidemiology of adult pneumococcal disease...
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Case of Anterior Segment Ischemia after Two Vertical Rectus Muscles Surgery

Ahn J, Kim GN, Kim SJ, Chung IY, Seo SW, Yoo JM

PURPOSE: To report a case of anterior segment ischemia after superior and inferior rectus muscle surgery in a patient with superior rectus muscle enlargement. This is the first report in...
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Therapeutic Efficacy and Safety of Prolonged Macrolide, Corticosteroid, Doxycycline, and Levofloxacin against Macrolide-Unresponsive Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Children

Ha SG, Oh KJ, Ko KP, Sun YH, Ryoo E, Tchah H, Jeon IS, Kim HJ, Ahn JM, Cho HK

BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of prolonged macrolide (PMC), corticosteroids (CST), doxycycline (DXC), and levofloxacin (LFX) against macrolide-unresponsive Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia in children and to evaluate...
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Clinical Efficacy of Gemifloxacin-containing Triple Therapy for First-line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Pilot Study

Kim TJ, Pyo JH, Lee H, Min YW, Min BH, Lee JH, Kim JJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Levofloxacin resistance is increasing rapidly, and widely limits its application in Helicobacter pylori eradication. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a clarithromycin- versus gemifloxacin-containing triple therapy regimen...
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Levofloxacin-induced Fixed Drug Eruption: A Case Report

Han SS, Oh EH, Kwon HI, Ko JY, Ro YS, Kim JE

  • KMID: 2391167
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2017 Aug;55(7):445-448.
Fixed drug eruptions (FDEs) are characterized by the presence of site-specific recurrence of a solitary or multiple, well-circumscribed, erythematous macules or patches that recur with each exposure to a particular...
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Usefulness of In Vivo and In Vitro Diagnostic Tests in the Diagnosis of Hypersensitivity Reactions to Quinolones and in the Evaluation of Cross-Reactivity: A Comprehensive Study Including the Latest Quinolone Gemifloxacin

Demir S, Gelincik A, Akdeniz N, Aktas-Cetin E, Olgac M, Unal D, Ertek B, Coskun R, ColakoÄŸlu B, Deniz G, Buyukozturk S

PURPOSE: Reports evaluating diagnosis and cross reactivity of quinolone hypersensitivity have revealed contradictory results. Furthermore, there are no reports investigating the cross-reactivity between gemifloxacin (GFX) and the others. We aimed...
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Quinolone susceptibility and genetic characterization of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica isolated from pet turtles

De Silva B, Hossain S, Wimalasena SHMP, Pathirana , Wendt M, Heo GJ

Turtle-borne Salmonella enterica owns significance as a leading cause in human salmonellosis. The current study aimed to determine the quinolone susceptibility and the genetic characteristics of 21 strains of S....
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Endophthalmitis Caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia after Cataract Surgery: Clinical Features, Antibiotic Sensitivities, and Outcomes

Kim JM, Cho HJ, Kim HS, Han JI, Lee DW, Kim CG, Kim JW

PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestations, treatment results, and antibiotic susceptibility in 6 cases of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endophthalmitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 6 eyes of 6 patients who were diagnosed with...
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Extensive and Progressive Cerebral Infarction after Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

Choi YH, Jeong HJ, Lee B, An HY, Lee EJ, Park JD

Acute cerebral infarctions are rare in children, however, they can occur as a complication of a Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection due to direct invasion, vasculitis, or a hypercoagulable state. We...
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