Infect Chemother.  2022 Dec;54(4):757-764. 10.3947/ic.2022.0123.

Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir Prescription Rate and Outcomes in Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Single Center Study

  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


Nirmatrelvir/ritonavir was Korea's first oral antiviral agent to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We analyzed the nirmatrelvir/ritonavir prescription rate and treatment outcomes in treatment-eligible patients with COVID-19 receiving home-based care.
Materials and Methods
We retrospectively collected data of patients with COVID-19-eligible for nirmatrelvir/ritonavir treatment from January 14, 2022, to February 15, 2022. We analyzed the prescription rate of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir, the reasons for non-prescription, and patient outcomes.
A total of 414 patients were included, of whom 44.2% were male, and the mean age was 64.6 (standard deviation [SD] = 8.5). Approximately 73.2% (n = 303) of patients were not prescribed nirmatrelvir/ritonavir. More than fourth-fifths of the patients refused nirmatrelvir/ ritonavir treatment (n = 262, 86.5%). The mean symptom duration was significantly shorter in the prescription group (5.2 days [SD = 2.3] vs. 4.4 days [SD = 1.9], P = 0.001). A total of 6 (1.4%) patients were hospitalized, and none of the patients who received nirmatrelvir/ ritonavir required admission. Among the patients prescribed nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (n = 111), 17 (15.3%) patients experienced side effects, and 5 (4.5%) patients discontinued nirmatrelvir/ ritonavir due to side effects.
The nirmatrelvir/ritonavir prescription rate was low, with more than fourth-fifths of non-prescriptions being due to patient refusal. Symptom resolution was faster, and no life-threatening side effects were reported. Accurate information about drug safety must be provided to patients to make informed decisions regarding nirmatrelvir/ritonavir treatment.


COVID-19; Nirmatrelvir and Ritonavir Drug Combination; Outcome
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