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Beginning of outcome-based medical education: development of medical schools’ mission statements based on stakeholders’ priority

Kim Y, Choi H

Background: Many studies report the positive effects of outcome-based education in improving medical education quality. An important aspect of outcome-based education is the statement of learning outcomes, which is closely...
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Is acute kidney injury after laparoscopic adrenalectomy related to the progression of chronic kidney disease in patients with primary aldosteronism?

Yoon JH, Chung HS, Hong AR, Kim HK, Kang HC, Kim MS, Hwang EC, Jung SI, Park K, Kwon D

Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the predictors of kidney outcome after laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of...
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Comparative Study of Pinless Navigation System versus Conventional Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Pawar P, Naik L, Sahu D, Bagaria V

Background: Optimal placement of the components and achieving a neutral mechanical axis are the main goals of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Different computerised navigation systems are presently used for these...
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Characteristics and Treatment Trends for Emphysematous Pyelonephritis in Korea: A 10-Year Multicenter Retrospective Study

Choi SK, Yoo KH, Lee JW, Jung SI, Hwang EC, Choi J, Kim WB, Huh JS, Choi JB, Kim Y, Chung JM, Shin JH, Jung JH, Chung H, Bae S, Kim TH

Purpose: This study examined the characteristics, current treatment trends, and outcomes of patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) in Korea. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and seventeen patients diagnosed with EPN were...
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Contralateral Suppression at Adrenal Venous Sampling Is Associated with Renal Impairment Following Adrenalectomy for Unilateral Primary Aldosteronism

Yang YS, Lee SH, Kim JH, Yoo JH, Lee JH, Lee SY, Hong AR, Lee DH, Koh JM, Kim JH, Kim SW

Background: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is performed to distinguish the subtype of primary aldosteronism (PA). The clinical implication of contralateral suppression (CS; aldosterone/cortisolnondominant
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Comparison of characteristics and ventilatory course between coronavirus disease 2019 and Middle East respiratory syndrome patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Khalid I, Yamani RM, Imran M, Akhtar MA, Imran M, Gul R, Khalid TJ, Wali GY

Background: Both coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS) can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); however, the former is postulated to lead to an atypical ARDS...
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Clinical impact of the treatment modality on small, solitary, recurrent intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinomas after primary liver resection

Kim HS, Yi NJ, Kim JM, Joh JW, Lee KW, Suh KS

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the survival benefit based on different treatment strategies in patients with small, solitary, recurring intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) that were defined...
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Survival and Morbidities in Infants with Birth Weight Less than 500 g: a Nationwide Cohort Study

Hwang JH, Jung E, Lee BS, Kim EAR, Kim KS

Background: This study aimed to investigate the survival and morbidities of infants in the Korean Neonatal Network (KNN) with birth weight (BW) < 500 g. Methods: The demographic and clinical data...
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The Effect of Body Mass Index on Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Scores after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion in an Asian Population: A 2-Year Study

Teo SJ, Yeo W, Ling MZ, Fong PL, Guo CM, Chen JLT, Soh RCC

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose This study aims to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) subjective patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Overview of...
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Psychological Distress Associated with Patient-Reported Outcomes in Preoperative Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Kitano T, Kawakami M, Ishimoto Y, Teraguchi M, Fukui D, Matsuoka T, Nakagawa Y

Study Design Cross-sectional study. Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of psychotic symptoms such as anxiety and fear in patients undergoing lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Overview of Literature Recently, patients...
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Congenital Syphilis in Neonate: A Single Center Study for 10 Years

Lee N, Jeong MH, Jeong SH, Bae MH, Han YM, Park KH, Byun SY

Purpose: Syphilis infections are becoming more prevalent in the Republic of Korea, and inadequately treated syphilis can lead to congenital syphilis (CS) in newborns. This study aimed to analyze the...
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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 5,628 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in South Korea: A nationwide multicenter study

Lee SW, Moon SY, Yon DK

Purpose: There are limited data on the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and outcomes in Korean patients with laboratory-confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical...
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Entecavir versus tenofovir in patients with chronic hepatitis B: Enemies or partners in the prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma

Lee SW, Choi J, Kim SU, Lim YS

Over the past several decades, entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) have remained the first-line antiviral agents in several international guidelines. These two antiviral agents have shown similar short...
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Stratifying risk for multiple, recurrent, and large (≥3 cm) Ta, G1/G2 tumors in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Suh J, Jung JH, Kwak C, Kim HH, Ku JH

Purpose: The current stratification of risk groups regarding recurrence and progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is problematic. We aimed to assess the long-term outcome and risk of multiple, recurrent,...
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Effects of Complete Bladder Cuff Removal on Oncological Outcomes Following Radical Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Ryoo H, Kim J, Kim T, Kang M, Jeon HG, Jeong BC, Seo SI, Jeon SS, Lee HM, Sung HH

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the effects of bladder cuff method on oncological outcomes in patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Materials and Methods The...
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Personal experience with microvascular decompression and partial sensory rhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia

Lee JH, Lee JM, Choi CH

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a severe, paroxysmal pain in the distribution of the fifth cranial nerve. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the most widely used surgical treatment for TN. We...
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Preoperative Bariatric Surgery Predictors of Type 2 Diabetes Remission

Fultang J, Chinaka U, Rankin J, Bakhshi A, Ali A

Obesity represents a significant proportion of the global public health burden, with the World Health Organization (WHO) estimating more than 600 million people are affected worldwide. Unfortunately, the epidemic of...
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Functional outcomes in children with reduction glossectomy for vascular malformations – “less is more!”

Thomas JK, Gaikwad VS, Babu TR, Mathai J, Srinivas R, Karl IS

Objectives: Vascular malformation (VM) of the tongue can cause true macroglossia in children. Reduction glossectomy provides primary relief when sclerotherapy has failed or is not possible. In this study, we...
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Preoperative Neck Disability Severity Limits Extent of Postoperative Improvement Following Cervical Spine Procedures

Cha ED, Lynch CP, Mohan S, Geoghegan CE, Jadczak CN, Singh K

Objective: Our study aims to evaluate the impact of severity of preoperative Neck Disability Index (NDI) on postoperative patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Methods: A retrospective review of primary, elective, single or...
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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery With Midline Cortical Bone Trajectory Screw Fixation for Lumbar Degenerative Disease in a Retrospective Study of 200 Patients

Noh SH, Zhang HY

Objective: Midline lumbar interbody fusion is performed for treatment of various lumbar degenerative diseases, with good clinical outcomes and few complications. However, there are no large-scale or long-term studies regarding...
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