J Korean Phys Ther.  2021 Dec;33(6):286-291. 10.18857/jkpt.2021.33.6.286.

The Immediate Effects of Dynamic Stretching and Static Stretching Using a Wedge Board on the Balance Ability and Jump Function of Healthy Adult

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Sunmoon University, Asan, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aims to measure the improvement of balanced ability and rapid response of 30 healthy adults by performing dynamic stretching, static stretching, and sargent jump.
Methods
The sample 30 peoples without any musculoskeletal disease who volunteered to be the subject of the study. We measured all subjects on following metrics to evaluate the function and stability under the normal condition, with dynamic stretching (DS) group, static stretching (SS) group: vertical jump height and reaching distance Anterior, Posteromedial, Posterolateral and NO (Normal eye open), NC (Normal eye close), PO (Pillow with eye open), and PC (Pillow with close eye) were evaluated. All measures were analyzed using independent t-test and One-way repeated Anova.
Results
There was a significant increase in SJH (Sargent jump) in both groups (p < 0.05). In Y-balance test, there was a significant increase in both groups except for the ANT (Anterior) direction, and there was a significant increase only in the SS group in the ANT (Anterior) direction (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the DS group and the SS group (p > 0.05). There was no significant improvement in ST (Stability Index) and WDI (Weight Distribution Index) in both groups (p > 0.05).
Conclusion
Both DS and SS showed significant improvement in SJH and Y-balance tests, which are dynamic functions, but had no significant effect on static balance ability.

Keyword

Static stretching; Dynamic stretching; Postural balance; Sargent jump
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