Mycobiology.  2021 Dec;49(6):551-558. 10.1080/12298093.2021.2012327.

Investigation of the Fungal Diversity of the Federated States of Micronesia and the Construction of an Updated Fungal Inventory

Affiliations
  • 1School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Forest Healing, College of Humanservice, Catholic Kwandong University, Gangneung, Republic of Korea
  • 3Marine Natural Products Chemistry Laboratory, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Busan, Republic of Korea

Abstract

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is an island country in the western Pacific and is a known biodiversity hotspot. However, a relatively small number of fungi (236 species) have been reported till July 2021. Since fungi play major ecological roles in ecosystems, we investigated the fungal diversity of FSM from various sources over 2016 and 2017 and constructed a local fungal inventory, which also included the previously reported species. Fruiting bodies were collected from various host trees and fungal strains were isolated from marine and terrestrial environments. A total of 99 species, of which 78 were newly reported in the FSM, were identified at the species level using a combination of molecular and morphological approaches. Many fungal species were specific to the environment, host, or source. Upon construction of the fungal inventory, 314 species were confirmed to reside in the FSM. This inventory will serve as an important basis for monitoring fungal diversity and identifying novel biological resources in FSM.

Keyword

Chuuk; Federated States of Micronesia; fungal diversity; Kosrae; marine environment
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