Clin Exp Emerg Med.  2021 Mar;8(1):65-70. 10.15441/ceem.20.079.

Management of intractable oronasal bleeding using Sengstaken-Blakemore tubes in patients with facial trauma: a case series and technical notes

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 3Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Masan University, Masan, Korea

Abstract


Objective
Intractable massive oronasal bleeding can become a life-threatening condition. The success rate of conventional bleeding control methods other than transarterial embolization (TAE) is not expected to be high. We investigated the efficacy of Sengstaken-Blakemore tube (SBT) balloon tamponade in patients with sustained and intractable oronasal bleeding secondary to facial injury.
Methods
This study is a retrospective chart review from traumatic patients with sustained and intractable oronasal bleeding who were admitted to the emergency center of Ajou University Hospital and Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016.
Results
Twelve patients were included in the study, of whom nine (75%) were male. The median age was 31 years (range, 20–73 years). Bleeding was controlled in 11 of the 12 patients (91.7%) either temporarily or definitively. One patient without hemostasis underwent TAE. TAE was performed in an additional three patients out of the 11 patients with hemostasis who experienced continued nasal bleeding after the removal of SBTs. There were no complications from performing the procedure.
Conclusion
Using SBTs as a hemostatic tool will aid patients with life-threatening intractable oronasal bleeding. Furthermore, this method may be used in patients with continual and intractable oronasal bleeding after facial trauma as a bridging procedure from the emergency department or the intensive care unit to the interventional radiology.

Keyword

Facial injuries; Epistaxis; Oral hemorrhage; Hemostasis
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