J Korean Dent Sci.  2020 Dec;13(2):52-58. 10.5856/JKDS.2020.13.2.52.

Evaluating Accuracy according to the Evaluator and Equipment Using Electronic Apex Locators

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Science, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Advanced Dental Device Development Institute (A3DI), Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Using two types of electronic apex locators, this study aimed to investigate the differences in accuracy according to the evaluator and equipment.
Materials and Methods
Artificial teeth of the lower first premolars and two mandibular acrylic models (A and B) were used in this study. In the artificial teeth, the pulp chamber was opened and the access cavity was prepared. Using calibrated digital Vernier calipers, the distance from the top of the cavity and the root apex was measured to assess the actual distance between two artificial teeth. The evaluation was conducted by 20 dentists, and each evaluator repeated measurements for each electronic apex locator five times. The difference between the actual distance from the top of the cavity to the root apex and the distance measured using electronic measuring equipment was compared. For statistical analysis, the Friedman test the Mann–Whitney U-test were conducted and the differences between groups were analyzed (α=0.05). Result: As for the accuracy of measurement according to the two types of electronic apex locators, the value of the measurement error was 0.4753 mm in Dentaport ZX and 0.3321 mm in E-Cube Plus. Moreover, electronic apex locators Dentaport ZX and E-Cube Plus showed statistically significant differences (P<0.05). As for the difference in the accuracy of the two types of electronic apex locators according to the evaluator, the resulting values differed depending on the evaluator and showed a statistically significant difference (P<0.001).
Conclusion
Electronic apex locator E-Cube Plus showed higher accuracy than did Dentaport ZX. Nevertheless, both types of electronic apex locators showed 100% accuracy in finding the region within root apex ±0.5 mm zone. Fur-thermore, according to the evaluator, the two electronic apex locators showed different resulting values.

Keyword

Apical foramen; Apicoectomy; Dimensional measurement accuracy; Tooth apex; Tooth root
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