Tissue Eng Regen Med.  2020 Oct;17(5):641-650. 10.1007/s13770-020-00278-0.

Evaluation of Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Function in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Using Murine Intestinal Organoids

Affiliations
  • 1Animal Biotechnology Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration, 1500 Kongjwipatjwi-ro, Iseo-myeon, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55365, Republic of Korea

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Intestinal organoids have evolved as potential molecular tools that could be used to study host-microbiome interactions, nutrient uptake, and drug screening. Gut epithelial barrier functions play a crucial role in health and diseases, especially in autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), because they disrupt the epithelial mucosa and impair barrier function.
METHODS
In this study, we generated an in vitro IBD model based on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) and intestinal organoids that could potentially be used to assess barrier integrity. Intestinal organoids were long-term cultivated and characterized with several specific markers, and the key functionality of paracellular permeability was determined using FITC-dextran 4 kDa. Intestinal organoids that had been treated with 2 lM DSS for 3 h were developed and the intestinal epithelial barrier function was sequentially evaluated.
RESULTS
The results indicated that the paracellular permeability represented epithelial characteristics and their barrier function had declined when they were exposed to FITC-dextran 4 kDa after DSS treatment. In addition, we analyzed the endogenous mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and their downstream effector genes. The results demonstrated that the inflammatory cytokines genes significantly increased in inflamed organoids compared to the control, leading to epithelial barrier damage and dysfunction.
CONCLUSION
The collective results showed that in vitro 3D organoids mimic in vivo tissue topology and functionality with minor limitations, and hence are helpful for testing disease models.

Keyword

Intestinal stem cells; Organoids; IBD; Epithelial barrier; Ex vivo model
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