J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2020 Aug;31(4):371-379.

The frequencies of disease entities that cause acute abdominal pain in end-stage renal disease: focused on differences between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea

Abstract


Objective
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of disease entities that cause abdominal pain in endstage renal disease (ESRD) patients who visited an emergency department (ED) and to compare differences in diagnoses between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.
Methods
This retrospective observational study included 179 ESRD patients over the age of 18 years who visited an ED with abdominal pain from January 2013 to December 2018. All electronic medical record data were collected and reviewed by a single physician.
Results
The most common pathologies regardless of dialysis methods were peritonitis (n=51, 28.5%), nonspecific abdominal pain (NSAP; n=30, 16.8%), acute gastroenteritis (AGE; n=16, 8.9%), gastritis (n=16, 8.9%), and cholecystitis/biliary colic (n=11, 6.1%). In HD patients, the most common diseases were NSAP (n=25, 22.7%), AGE (n=15, 13.6%), gastritis (n=13, 11.8%), and cholecystitis/biliary colic (n=11, 10.0%). In PD patients, peritonitis (n=47, 68.1%), NSAP (n=5, 7.2%), kidney rupture (n=4, 5.8%), and gastritis (n=3, 4.3%) were the most common. The statistically significant disease entities between the two groups were peritonitis (HD: n=4, 4.6%; PD: n=47, 68.1%; P<0.001), cholecystitis/biliary colic (HD: n=11, 10.0%; PD: n=0, 0%; P=0.007), NSAP (HD: n=22, 22.7%; PD: n=5, 7.2%; P=0.007), and AGE (HD:n=15, 13.6%; PD: n=1, 1.4%; P=0.006).
Conclusion
In PD patients, peritonitis was the most common disease entity, whereas in HD patients, cholecystitis was relatively more common. Except for these two disease entities, the pathologies between the two groups were similar, with NSAP and AGE being the most common.

Keyword

Abdominal pain; Chronic kidney failure; Renal dialysis; Peritoneal dialysis
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