Korean J Med.  2009 May;76(5):528-537.

New dialysis treatment options for patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea Medical College, Seoul, Korea.


Since the first hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis were performed in humans in the early 1900s, the survival rates of patients with end-stage renal disease have increased. The number of patients in need of renal replacement therapy (RRT) is increasing, and there have been substantial advances in RRT modalities and technologies. To improve the patient outcomes requiring RRT, progress has been made to improve the efficiency and biocompatibility of dialysis in both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. This review covers the basic principles of dialysis and the history of technological advances in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In addition, it includes the benefits of hemodiafiltration, new peritoneal dialysis solutions and automated peritoneal dialysis.


Hemodialysis; Hemodiafiltration; Peritoneal dialysis; Automated peritoneal dialysis; Chronic kidney disease
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