Korean J Intern Med.  2020 Sep;35(5):1136-1144. 10.3904/kjim.2018.398.

The health-related quality-of-life of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients and disease-related indirect burdens

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeouido St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine,Seoul, Korea
  • 6Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 7Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
  • 8Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 9Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea
  • 10Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Paul’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • 11Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background/Aims
Many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have physical limitations. We investigated EuroQol five-dimensions five-level (EQ-5D-5L) of COPD patients to assess quality of life, and assessed indirect burden including time expenditure to visit doctor, home care rate, and caregiver related burden.
Methods
We recruited 355 COPD patients according to severity of airflow limitation that severity was set at 10% mild, 40% moderate, 30% severe, and 20% very severe in two primary and 11 secondary/tertiary hospitals. Eligible patients were aged ≥ 40 years, who have been diagnosed with COPD for more than 1 year. Patients were recruited between June 2015 and October 2016.
Results
The quality of life tended to decline with age, from mild to very severe impairment, as revealed by the EQ-5D-5L scores and the EQ visual analog scale. Family caregivers accompanied 22.6% of patients who visited outpatient clinics,and 25% of stage IV COPD patients. During emergency visits and hospitalization,this figure increased to > 60%. The home care rates were 28.5% for stage I patients, and 34.4, 31.8, and 52% for stage II to IV patients, respectively. The percentage of caregivers who stopped working was 13.6%. The EQ-5D index was strongly associated with the dyspnea scale (r = –0.64, p < 0.001). The average required time to see a doctor and visit the pharmacy was 154 minutes.
Conclusions
In patients with COPD, the EQ-5D index decreased and disease-related home caregiving increased with airflow limitation. We considered the caregiver-related burden when making a strategy for COPD managemen

Keyword

Pulmonary disease; chronic obstructive; Health expenditures; Caregivers; Quality of life
Full Text Links
  • KJIM
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2020 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr