Gut Liver.  2020 Jul;14(4):509-520. 10.5009/gnl19087.

The Implication of Cytogenetic Alterations in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm Identified by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Their Potential Diagnostic Utility

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Korea
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
  • 3Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
  • 4Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background/Aims
We investigated chromosomal aberrations in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify cytogenetic changes and molecular markers that may be useful for preoperative diagnosis.
Methods
Tissue samples from 48 PDAC and 17 IPMN patients were investigated by FISH analysis using probes targeting chromosomes 7q, 17p, 18q, 20q, and 21q and the pericentromeric region of chromosome 18 (CEP18).
Results
The PDAC samples harbored 17p deletion (95.8%), 18q deletion (83.3%), CEP18 deletion (81.2%), 20q gain (81.2%), 21q deletion (77.1%), and 7q gain (70.8%). The IPMN samples had 17p deletion (94.1%), CEP18 deletion (94.1%), 21q deletion (70.6%), 18q deletion (58.8%), 20q gain (58.8%), and 7q gain (58.8%). A significant difference in CEP18 gain was identified between the PDAC and IPMN groups (p=0.029). Detection of 17p or 18q deletion had the highest diagnostic accuracy (80.0%) for PDAC.
Conclusions
Chromosomal alterations were frequently identified in both PDAC and IPMN with similar patterns. CEP18 gain and 17p and 18q deletions might be involved in the later stages of PDAC tumorigenesis. Chromosome 17p and 18q deletions might be excellent diagnostic markers.

Keyword

Carcinoma, pancreatic ductal; Pancreatic intraductal neoplasms; In situ hybridization, fluorescence; Chromosomal aberrations
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