Kosin Med J.  2020 Jun;35(1):38-46. 10.7180/kmj.2020.35.1.38.

Clinical Usefulness of Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography in Patients with Non-Obstructive Acute Pyleonephritis

  • 1Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea


The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical utility of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in patient with non-obstrcutive acute pyelonephritis (APN).
From 2007 to 2013, 537 APN patients who underwent a CE-CT scan within 24 hours after hospital admission were enrolled. We divided these patients into greater (50% or greater involvment, n = 143) and lesser (less than 50% involvement, n = 394) groups based on renal parenchymal involvement in CE-CT examination. We compared clinical characteristics between two groups and analyzed the clinical value of CE-CT scan as a reliable marker for predicting clinical severity and disease course in patient with non-obstructive APN.
The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate was 70.6 ± 25.5 mL/min/1.73m2. Compared with patients in lesser group, the patients in greater group had lower serum albumin levels (3.5 ± 0.5 vs 3.8 ± 0.6, P < 0.01) and longer hosptal stay (10.1 ± 4.7 vs 8.8 ± 4.5, P < 0.05). In addition, acute kidney injury (AKI) (23.1% vs 11.4%, P < 0.005) and bacteremia (36.4% vs 26.8%, P = 0.02) were frequently developed in greater group, respectively. The overall incidence of AKI was 14.8% based on RIFLE criteria. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis for predciting AKI, age, presence of diabetes mellitus and the presence of renal parenchymal involvement of greater than 50% in CE-CT were significant predictors of AKI.
The CE-CT scan could be useful to predict the clinical severity and course in non-obstructive APN patients with preserved renal function.


Acute kidney injury; Computed tomography; Pyelonephritis
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