Res Vestib Sci.  2020 Jun;19(2):35-41. 10.21790/rvs.2020.19.2.35.

Diagnostic Criteria and Differential Diagnosis of Hemodynamic Orthostatic Dizziness/Vertigo

  • 1Department of Neurology, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Dizziness Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea


We summarized recent diagnostic criteria for hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo included in the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders (ICVD) in this paper. The aim of defining diagnostic criteria of hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo is to help clinicians to understand the terminology related to orthostatic dizziness/vertigo and to distinguish orthostatic dizziness/vertigo due to global brain hypoperfusion from that caused by other etiologies. Detailed history taking and measurements of orthostatic blood pressure and heart rate are important for the screening and documentation of orthostatic hypotension or postural tachycardia syndrome to establish the diagnosis of hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo.


Dizziness; Vertigo; Orthostatic; 어지럼; 현훈; 기립
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