Korean J Ophthalmol.  2020 Jun;34(3):242-250. 10.3341/kjo.2019.0097.

Clinical Features and Long-term Prognosis of Retinoblastoma according to Age at Diagnosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
We aimed to study the clinical characteristics and long-term prognoses of retinoblastoma according to the age at diagnosis.
Methods
A retrospective chart review of non-screened patients newly diagnosed with retinoblastoma between January 2007 and February 2018.
Results
Among the 20 patients analyzed, 11 were diagnosed at an age younger than 1 year (group 1) and nine at 1 year or older (group 2). The mean lag times until diagnosis were 1.0 ± 0.4 and 5.0 ± 2.1 months for groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.056). The mean follow-up durations were 49.4 ± 12.7 and 58.3 ± 8.8 months, respectively (p = 0.412). Group 1 had a significantly higher proportion of bilateral retinoblastoma than did group 2 (72.7% vs. 11.1%, p = 0.010). Four of five patients (80.0%) with germline RB1 mutations were diagnosed with retinoblastoma at age 3 months or younger. The eyes of patients in group 2 had significantly higher International Intraocular Retinoblastoma Classification stages than did those of patients in group 1 (p for trend = 0.010). The proportion of eyes with optic nerve invasion and those that had undergone enucleation were significantly higher in group 2 (p = 0.033 and 0.046, respectively). Survival did not differ according to the age at diagnosis.
Conclusions
Early onset retinoblastoma does not seem to indicate poor ocular or survival prognosis in Korean children with retinoblastoma.

Keyword

Child; Diagnosis; Neoplasms; Prognosis; Retinoblastoma
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