J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2020 Feb;31(1):45-51.

Association between compliance with Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines and outcomes among sepsis and septic shock patient in accordance with Sepsis-3 definitions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea

Abstract


Objective
The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines have been associated with reduced mortality in sepsis patients. On the other hand, previous studies were performed using the Sepsis-2 definitions and past guidelines. This study assessed the association between compliance with the 2016 SSC guidelines and the outcomes of patients with sepsis and septic shock in accordance with the latest Sepsis-3 definitions.
Methods
Three hundred and fifteen patients with sepsis and septic shock were enrolled in this study. The patients were stratified according to their compliance with the SSC guidelines bundle. The characteristics and outcomes of the compliance and non-compliance groups were compared. In the overall patients, the risk factors for all-cause mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models.
Results
Among the patients, 172 and 143 patients were in the compliance group and non-compliance group, respectively. The baseline characteristics and disease severity were similar in the two groups. The all-cause mortality rates were 27.3% and 38.5% in the compliance group and non-compliance group, respectively (P=0.035). The all-cause mortality was significantly lower in the compliance group than in the non-compliance group (log-rank test, P=0.025). The risk factors for the all-cause mortality were age (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.025; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.008-1.042; P=0.004), septic shock (aHR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.98-4.98; P<0.001), and lactate levels (aHR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.03-1.14; P=0.002). The overall compliance with the guidelines protected against all-cause mortality (aHR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.45-0.98; P=0.040).
Conclusion
Compliance with the SSC guidelines bundle was associated with a lower all-cause mortality among patients with sepsis and septic shock

Keyword

Surviving sepsis campaign guidelines; Sepsis; Septic shock; Mortality
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