Korean J Rehabil Nurs.  2019 Dec;22(2):95-103. 10.7587/kjrehn.2019.95.

Relationships between Osteoporosis Knowledge, Outcome Expectations for Exercise, and Self-efficacy for Exercise in Elderly Women with Osteoporosis Aged over 60

Affiliations
  • 1Hyundai Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea. hyungran@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify the relationships between knowledge about osteoporosis, outcome expectations for exercise, and self-efficacy for exercise in older women with osteoporosis.
METHODS
This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Participants were 148 women aged 60 years and older who were diagnosed with osteoporosis. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient.
RESULTS
Statistically significant differences in knowledge about osteoporosis were found in age, education level, household income, type of household, chronic disease, medication, alcohol consumption, and perceived health status. Statistically significant differences in outcome expectations for exercise were observed in age, education level, household income, type of household, chronic disease, medication, body mass index, and perceived health status. Statistically significant differences in self-efficacy for exercise were observed in age, household income, chronic disease, and medication. In addition, it was found that knowledge of osteoporosis and self-efficacy for exercise were positively correlated with outcome expectations for exercise.
CONCLUSION
Based on this study, the development of a physical activity program is necessary by considering knowledge about osteoporosis, outcome expectation for exercise, and self-efficacy for exercise.

Keyword

Aged; Exercise; Osteoporosis; Self-efficacy; Women

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Alcohol Drinking
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Education
Family Characteristics
Female
Humans
Motor Activity
Osteoporosis*
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