Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2019 Nov;28(4):187-196. 10.5807/kjohn.2019.28.4.187.

Association of Job Stress and Health Promotion Behaviors with Quality of Life among Female Riot Police Officers

Affiliations
  • 1Researcher, College of Nursing · Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. monachoi@yuhs.ac

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of job stress and health promotion behaviors with the quality of life in female riot police officers.
METHODS
A cross-sectional design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 182 female riot police officers from 5 Metropolitan Police Agencies in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered survey questionnaire that assessed job stress, health promotion behavior, and quality of life in May 2018. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, analysis of variance, and correlation and multiple linear regression analyses, all of which were executed using SPSS/WIN 23.0 and STATA 13.0.
RESULTS
The level of job stress among participants was moderate, and the mean was 45.25 out of a maximum possible score of 100. The mean scores that emerged for health promotion behaviors and the quality of life were 2.62 (maximum=4) and 56.59 (maximum=100), respectively. Job stress (r=−.380, p < .001) and health promotion behaviors (r=.559, p < .001) were correlated with the quality of life. The statistically significant predictors of the quality of life were job stress (β=−.212, p=.001) and health promotion behaviors (β=.417, p < .001).
CONCLUSION
The variables that were associated with the quality of life of female riot police officers were job stress and health promotion behaviors. Therefore, interventions that can enhance job stress management and health promotion behaviors are needed to improve the quality of life of female riot police officers.

Keyword

Police officers; Female; Job stress; Health Promotion behavior; Quality of life
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