Saf Health Work.  2022 Dec;13(4):456-468. 10.1016/

Modelling the factors affecting Quality of Life among Indian police officers: a novel ISM and DEMATEL approach

  • 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mewat Engineering College, Nuh, Haryana, India
  • 2Commissioner of Police Panchkula, Haryana, India


This study examines quality of life (QOL) of a sample of police officers in India. The concept of QOL includes well-being, social obligations, relationships of a person, and his association with environment. The study examines the factors on which QOL of police officers depend and their relationships with each other. The issues linked with QOL are important because they directly affect the individual's ability to maintain a healthy lifestyle and affect organizational performance in the long run. This study explores relevant factors that have an impact on the QOL of the employees of police department in India. Method In this paper, literatures review, ISM, MICMAC, and DEMATEL methodology have established eleven factors that impact the QOL of police officers in India. Mutual relations between factors have been established using the ISM approach to develop a model to represent these relationships. DEMATEL methodologies were used to analyze these factors.

indicate that “fair compensation, work overload, workplace safety, and job stress” are the top-level factors that affect QOL of police officers.
The identification of factors and their mutual relationships that affect QOL are important for police officers and have to be dealt with according to their order of importance. The research model developed in this study shows how the factors of police officers' QOL are interrelated and presents the interrelationships among these factors. A comprehensive model depicting the relationships among these factors has been established, so that the QOL of police officers can be improved.


DEMATEL; ISM; MICMAC; Modeling; QOL of Indian police
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