Int J Thyroidol.  2019 Nov;12(2):113-119. 10.11106/ijt.2019.12.2.113.

Factors Affecting Postoperative Occupational Changes and Sick Leave in Patients with Thyroid Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Thyroid Cancer Center, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. medilys@yuhs.ac
  • 2Division of Nursing, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Yonsei University Graduate School of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Yonsei University College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
S: Most thyroid cancers progress slowly, have high survival rates, and have good prognosis. Therefore, the management of patients with thyroid cancer should be viewed from a long-term perspective, taking into account a return to normal social life. Cancer patients have a higher risk of unemployment than the general population, and so unemployment can be an economic problem for thyroid cancer patients. However, there have been few studies on factors affecting return to work in thyroid cancer patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate occupational changes and the period of leave of absence for patients with thyroid cancer and to identify factors that affect the return to work after surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 427 questionnaires of thyroid cancer patients were used for the analysis. The occupational changes and sick leave periods were analyzed according to general characteristics, disease-related characteristics, and side effects.
RESULTS
The factors related to occupational change and leave of absence in thyroid cancer patients were sex and type of occupation. Women had more occupational changes and longer leave of absence than men, office workers had the least change in occupation, and professional workers had a longer period of sick leave. Fatigue was the primary side effect that affected the leave of absence.
CONCLUSION
Occupation is very important in the life of a thyroid cancer patient. Informing the patient of possible complications and planning proper leave of absence will help the patient return to work and improve the quality of life.

Keyword

Thyroid cancer; Occupation; Sick leave; Return to work

MeSH Terms

Fatigue
Female
Humans
Male
Occupations
Prognosis
Quality of Life
Return to Work
Sick Leave*
Survival Rate
Thyroid Gland*
Thyroid Neoplasms*
Unemployment
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