Health Commun.  2018 Dec;13(2):159-166. 10.15715/kjhcom.2018.13.2.159.

Relationship between Perceived Health Status andPatient Satisfaction in Outpatient Settings - Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Inje University School of Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea. sgpark@paik.ac
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
It is important to investigate patient satisfaction to improve the quality of healthcare. Among the many factors that affect patient satisfaction, perceived health status has been considered as one of the major factors. Therefore, we investigated patient satisfaction through patient experience in outpatient settings according to perceived health status.
METHODS
This cross-sectional study using questionnaires of patient experience and perceived health status from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015 included 4267 people aged over 19 years who met the inclusion criteria. Perceived health status was classified into three: good, fair, and poor. Questions about patient experience consisted of four items: doctor spending enough time with patients, doctor providing easy-to-understand explanation, doctor giving opportunity to ask questions or raise concerns, and doctor involving patient in decisions about care or treatment. Patient experience was classified into two: satisfied and non-satisfied. A multivariate regression model was used to analyze the data.
RESULTS
In the good perceived health status group, level of satisfaction was 79.2%, 88.5%, 83.3% and 87.2%, respectively for the four items targeting patient experience. In the poor group, level of satisfaction was 76%, 84.9%, 79.5%, and 83.1%, respectively for the four items. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the odds ratios of good perceived health status group were 1.775 (1.347-2.338), 1.946 (1.356-2.793), 1.652 (1.218-2.240), and 1.665 (1.193-2.323) compared with the poor group.
CONCLUSION
Perceived health status is associated with patient satisfaction. In particular, the better the perceived health status, the better the patient satisfaction through patient experience.

Keyword

Perceived health status; Patient satisfaction; Patient experience; Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

MeSH Terms

Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Logistic Models
Nutrition Surveys*
Odds Ratio
Outpatients*
Patient Satisfaction
Quality of Health Care
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