J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2017 Mar;41(1):36-42. 10.11149/jkaoh.2017.41.1.36.

The relationship between oral health behavior, smoking, and periodontal diseases in Koreat middle-aged mee: based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biomedical Health Science, Graduate School, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea. yamako93@deu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Nursing and Healthcare Sciences, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose
of this study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and periodontal diseases in Korean middle-aged men based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015.
METHODS
The study subjects were 708 men aged 40 years and over and whose data included oral health behavior (status), community periodontal index, and smoking status. The statistical analyses were conducted by applying a complex sample analysis technique.
RESULTS
In terms of the relationship between smoking and periodontal status, the risk of periodontitis was 1.99-fold higher in those aged 50 years and over. It was also 1.17-fold higher for the chewing problem “Average,” 2.877-fold higher for the chewing problem “Poor,” and 1.862-fold higher for smoking.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that the need for smoking cessation should be widely publicized in order to promote public oral health.

Keyword

Adult middle-aged male; Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNE); Oral health behavior; Periodontal diseases; Smoking
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