Clin Pediatr Hematol Oncol.  2019 Apr;26(1):6-11. 10.15264/cpho.2019.26.1.6.

Vascular Anomaly: An Updated Review

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Center for Pediatric Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea. meerim@ncc.re.kr

Abstract

Vascular anomalies comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by abnormal growth or development of blood vessels. Diagnosis of vascular anomalies is often challenging due to the large variety of conditions, which exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity and a wide range of symptomology and severity. Accurate diagnosis is crucial for appropriate evaluation and management, often requiring multidisciplinary specialists. Recent interdisciplinary collaboration has led to collaborative studies and their outcomes are being prospectively evaluated. While there is still a role for surgical intervention in various vascular anomalies, discoveries of pharmacologic agents effective in treating vascular anomalies have broadened our medical therapeutic options. This paper focuses on vascular anomaly issues often seen by the pediatricians and reviews the clinical pearls on infantile hemangiomas, lymphatic malformations, venous malformations, and arteriovenous malformations.

Keyword

Vascular anomalies; Heterogeneity; Diagnosis; Therapeutic option

MeSH Terms

Arteriovenous Malformations
Blood Vessels
Cooperative Behavior
Diagnosis
Hemangioma
Population Characteristics
Prospective Studies
Specialization
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