Korean J Pancreas Biliary Tract.  2019 Apr;24(2):73-78. 10.15279/kpba.2019.24.2.73.

Acute Pancreatitis in a Pregnant Patient with Type IV Hyperlipoproteinemia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. jaehyucky@naver.com

Abstract

Most cases of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG)-induced gestational pancreatitis occur when a person with hyperlipidemia is overweight due to pregnancy or has secondary triggers associated with triglycerides (TGs). In Korea, 6 cases of HTG-induced gestational pancreatitis have been reported, but none of the affected patients had TG levels below 1,000 mg/dL. A 36-year-old female at 30 weeks of gestation was admitted due to pain in her upper abdomen. Initial biochemical analysis revealed a TG level of 260 mg/dL, an amylase level of 2,951 U/L and a lipase level of 3,500 U/L. Abdominal ultrasonography showed pancreatic swelling with a hypoechogenic rim. After several days, the patient was discharged and had a normal delivery at 38 weeks of gestation. This case report is the first to describe acute pancreatitis occurring in the presence of type IV hyperlipoproteinemia even though the TG level was less than 500 mg/dL, contrary to findings in previously reported cases.

Keyword

Hypertriglyceridemia; Pancreatitis; Pregnancy
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