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Analysis of Factors Affecting Breakfast Eating Behavior of Children in Indonesia: An Application of the Health Belief Model

Kang RY, Lee SJ, Ryu HK

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the current state of consuming breakfast among elementary school students residing in Malang, East Java, Indonesia, and to identify factors that influence breakfast behavior. METHODS: The research...
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Use of SGLT-2 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Abdominal Obesity: An Asian Perspective and Expert Recommendations

Sheu WH, Chan SP, Matawaran , Deerochanawong C, Mithal A, Chan J, Suastika K, Khoo CM, Nguyen HM, Linong J, Luk A, Yoon KH

The prevalence of obesity in Asia is of epidemic proportions, with an estimated 1 billion overweight/obese individuals in the region. The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
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Association between Body Mass Index and Prevalence of Asthma in Korean Adults

Kang M, Sohn SJ, Shin MH

We evaluated the association between body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of asthma. Using data from the 2015 Korean Community Health Survey, 214,971 participants aged between 19 and 106...
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Factors associated with Advanced Bone Age in Overweight and Obese Children

Oh MS, Kim S, Lee J, Lee MS, Kim YJ, Kang KS

PURPOSE: Obese children may often present with advanced bone age. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between factors associated with childhood obesity and advanced bone age. METHODS: We enrolled 232 overweight...
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Effects of different exercise modalities on novel hepatic steatosis indices in overweight women with type 2 diabetes

Banitalebi E, Faramarzi , Nasiri S, Mardaniyan M, Rabiee V

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fatty liver is a clinical and pathologic condition in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of different exercise modalities...
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Weight Gain during Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy is Associated with Worse Outcome among the Patients with Operable Breast Cancer

Fang Q, Huang J, Gan L, Shen K, Chen X, Wu B

PURPOSE: This study was aimed at identifying the influence of initial weight and weight change during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on pathologic complete response (pCR) and long-term survival in Chinese patients...
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Role of Soluble Adiponectin Receptor 2 in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children

Aksoy GK, Artan R, Aksoy C, Özdem S, Atalay A, Yılmaz A

PURPOSE: The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is gradually increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of serum adiponectin and soluble adiponectin...
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Sex Difference in the Effect of Body Mass Index and Stress on High-Risk Diabetes Mellitus in Korean Adults

Lee HS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate sex differences in the effect of body mass index (BMI) and stress on high-risk diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 4,271 male...
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Association between Body Mass Index and Dental Caries: Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 – 2015

Jang J, Lee M, Kim J, Yang Y, Lee D

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and dental caries by considering related factors in Korean children and adolescents. A total of...
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Switching Antipsychotics to Blonanserin in Patients with Schizophrenia: An Open-label, Prospective, Multicenter Study

Woo YS, Yoon BH, Jeon BH, Seo JS, Nam B, Lee SY, Jae YM, Jang SH, Eun HJ, Won SH, Lee K, Lee J, Bahk WM

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of blonanserin in schizophrenic patients who were previously treated with other antipsychotics but, due to insufficient response, were switched...
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Waist Circumference and Spirometric Measurements in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Foumani AA, Neyaragh M, Ranjbar ZA, Leyli EK, Ildari S, Jafari A

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the waist circumference of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), had an impact on lung function. METHODS: There were 180...
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2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea

Kim MK, Ko SH, Kim BY, Kang ES, Noh J, Kim SK, Park SO, Hur KY, Chon S, Moon MK, Kim NH, Kim SY, Rhee SY, Lee KW, Kim JH, Rhee EJ, Chun S, Yu SH, Kim DJ, Kwon HS, Park KS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association

The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association revised and updated the 6th Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2019. Targets of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control in...
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Comparison of five international indices of adherence to the Mediterranean diet among healthy adults: similarities and differences

Aoun C, Papazian T, Helou K, El Osta N, Khabbaz LR

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare five indices of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) among adults living in the Mediterranean region. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 100 healthy Lebanese adults aged between 18 and...
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Self-efficacy to Engage in Physical Activity and Overcome Barriers, Sedentary Behavior, and Their Relation to Body Mass Index Among Elderly Indonesians With Diabetes

Rachmah Q, Setyaningtyas SW, Rifqi MA, Indriani D, Nindya TS, Megatsari , Mahmudiono T, Kriengsinyos W

OBJECTIVES: Elderly individuals with diabetes should maintain a normal body mass index (BMI) to help control their blood glucose levels. This study investigated barriers to physical activity (PA), self-efficacy to...
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Interactions of Behavioral Changes in Smoking, High-risk Drinking, and Weight Gain in a Population of 7.2 Million in Korea

Kim YY, Kang HJ, Ha S, Park JH

OBJECTIVES: To identify simultaneous behavioral changes in alcohol consumption, smoking, and weight using a fixed-effect model and to characterize their associations with disease status. METHODS: This study included 7 000 529...
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The Health Burden of Cancer Attributable to Obesity in Korea: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Lee JE, Nam CM, Lee SG, Park S, Kim TH, Park EC

PURPOSE: Considering the health impact of obesity and cancer, it is important to estimate the burden of cancer attributable to high body mass index (BMI). Therefore, the present study attempts...
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Importance of Adherence to Personalized Diet Intervention in Obesity Related Metabolic Improvement in Overweight and Obese Korean Adults

An J, Yoon SR, Lee JH, Kim H, Kim OY

We investigated weight loss effect of personalized diet education in overweight/obese Korean adults. Overweight/obese Korean adults (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 23 kg/m2 or waist circumference [WC] ≥ 90 cm...
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Coexistence of Excessive Weight Gain and Celiac Disease in Children: An Unusual Familial Condition

Calcaterra V, Regalbuto , Madè A, Magistrali M, Leonard MM, Cena H

Excessive weight gain in children diagnosed with celiac disease (CD) is becoming more common. We describe 2 siblings (9-year and 6 months-old female and 6-year and 9 months-old male) with...
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What Is the Effect of Body Mass Index on Subjective Outcome Following Vaginal Hysterectomy for Prolapse?

Gray T, Money-Taylor J, Li W, Farkas AG, Campbell P, Radley SC

PURPOSE: Obesity is a significant risk factor for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), but the effects of obesity on outcomes of surgery for POP are poorly understood. The aim of this...
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Serum osteocalcin levels in overweight children

Oh SB, Lee WY, Nam HK, Rhie YJ, Lee KH

PURPOSE: Bone plays a role in glucose metabolism through the release of uncarboxylated osteocalcin into the systemic circulation. The identified novel roles for osteocalcin include increasing insulin secretion and sensitivity,...
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