J Nutr Health.  2019 Apr;52(2):217-226. 10.4163/jnh.2019.52.2.217.

Evaluation of dietary habits according to breakfast consumption in Korean adolescents: based on the 6(th) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013 ~ 2015

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nutrition, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54907, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54895, Korea. cha8@jbnu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Obesity Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54895, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study examined the nutrient intake and dietary habits based on breakfast consumption in Korean adolescents.
METHODS
The data of the 2013 ~ 2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used in this study. The analysis included 1,281 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. The subjects were divided into two groups (EBF: eating breakfast, n = 911; SBF: skipping breakfast, n = 370).
RESULTS
The EBF group was significantly younger than the SBF group. In addition, the EBF group had a significantly lower frequency of skipping dinner than the SBF group. The EBF group consumed significantly higher levels of most nutrients except for vitamin A than the SBF group. The percent of nutrient intake under the EAR (estimated average requirements) in the EBF group were also significantly lower than that in the SBF group. Moreover, the NAR (nutrient adequacy ratio) and MAR (mean adequacy ratio) of the EBF group were significantly higher than those of the SBP group. The intake of cereal, sugars and sweeteners, vegetables, and eggs in the EBF group was significantly higher than that in the SBF group.
CONCLUSION
The habit of skipping breakfast in adolescents leads to a decrease in the total nutrient intake and imbalanced dietary habits. Breakfast consumption in adolescence is very important. Therefore, more studies will be needed to develop nutrition education systematically in Korean adolescents.

Keyword

adolescents; eating breakfast; nutrient intake; food intake; dietary habit
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