J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2019 Apr;54(2):164-171. 10.4055/jkoa.2019.54.2.164.

The Clinical Outcome of Dedifferentiated Chondrosarcoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul, Korea. chowanda@naver.com
  • 2Department of Pathology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
A dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is a rare lethal tumor characterized by a low grade chondrosarcoma juxtaposed with a high grade dedifferentiated sarcoma, such as osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma. The aim of our study was to document the clinical manifestation and oncologic outcomes of a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study identified 11 patients who were diagnosed and treated for dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma between January 2007 and December 2016. The identified cohort was then reviewed regarding age, sex, symptom onset, tumor location, magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs), surgical margin, and pathologic diagnosis. The time to local recurrence and/or metastasis, follow-up duration, and the patients' final status were analyzed.
RESULTS
The patients were comprised of 7 males and 4 females with a mean age of 54 years (range, 33–80 years). The location of the tumor was in the femur in 6 cases, pelvis in 4 cases, and metatarsal in 1 case. The average tumor diameter was 12.7 cm (range, 6.0–26.1 cm). At the time of diagnosis, 2 patients showed pathologic fracture; 1 patient was Enecking stage IIA, 9 patients were stage IIB, and 1 patient was stage III. Eight patients were classified as a primary dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and 3 patients were secondary. One of the primary lesions was misinterpreted initially as a low grade chondroid lesion by MRI and underwent curettage. Local recurrence occurred in 8 cases and distant metastasis occurred in 10 cases with a mean duration of 8 months (range, 2–23 months) and 7 months (range, 1–32 months), respectively. The three-year overall survival of patients with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma was 18%, and 10 patients died due to disease progression.
CONCLUSION
Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma developed lung metastases in the early period of the clinical courses and the prognosis was dismal.

Keyword

dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma; pathology; pathologic fracture; prognosis
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