Dement Neurocogn Disord.  2014 Dec;13(4):107-111. 10.12779/dnd.2014.13.4.107.

The Effect of Group Musical Therapy on Depression and Activities on Daily Living in Patients with Cognitive Decline

  • 1Department of Neurology, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 4Department of Public Health and Healthcare Service, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 5Center of Arts and Healing, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.


Beside pharmacological treatment, non-pharmacological interventions are a great deal of interest resides on ways that allow modulation of brain plasticity in the elderly. Music therapy is a potential non-pharmacological treatment for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, but a few studies reported it to be helpful. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of structured musical intervention therapy in patient with cognitive decline.
The subjects of the study were a total of fifty elderly with cognitive decline (K-MMSE: 21+/-3.99, CDR: 0.80+/-0.38). The musical therapy was applied to the group twice a week, fifty minutes per session for eight weeks. The data were analyzed by using chi-square and paired t-test before and after musical intervention.
The study showed a significant reduction in depression and anxiety after musical therapy measured with short form-GDS and BDI (p<0.001). Activities daily living (ADL) markedly improved after the all session of musical interventions (p<0.001).
Group music therapy is a safe and effective method for treating depression and anxiety, and also improving ADL in patients with cognitive decline.


Music therapy; Mild cognitive impairment; Alzheimer's disease

MeSH Terms

Activities of Daily Living
Alzheimer Disease
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Music Therapy


  • Fig. 1 The neuropsychological results after musical intervention in patients with cognitive decline. (*p<0.001) GDS, geriatric depression scale; BAI, Beck anxiety inventory; S-IADL, Seoul-instrumental activities daily living.

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