Korean J Pediatr Infect Dis.  2000 Nov;7(2):211-217. 10.14776/kjpid.2000.7.2.211.

Salmonellosis in Children in Daejeon, Korea, 1994~1999

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. leekyungyil@yahoo.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Salmonellosis including typhoid fever is still prevalent in Korea. Recently it has been reported that the incidence of salmonella gastroenteritis is increasing with a reduction of typhoid fever. We studied the clinical and laboratory features of salmonellosis.
METHODS
We evaluated the clinical records of 83 patients with salmonellosis who had been confirmed by stool culture from 1994 to 1999.
RESULTS
Annual incidence of salmonellosis showed an increasing tendency during recent 4 years. Seasonally, summer(45.8%) was the most prevalent, followed by fall(32.5%). Male to female ratio was 1.4 : 1. In age distribution, 64 cases(77.1%) were under 5 year-old, and 18 cases(21.7%) were younger than 1 year-old. Clinical features included diarrhea(96.4%), fever(91.6%), vomiting(49.4%), bloody stool(42.1%), abdominal pain(40.1%) and tenesmus(12.0%). In serogroups, there was no group A and group B, group C, group D(including 2 cases of S.typhi) and group E were in 41.0%(34 cases), 3.6%(3 csaes), 51.8%(43 cases) and 3.6%(3 cases), respectively. In Widal test, 5 cases(13.5%) and 1 case(2.7%) of group B, C and E(total 37 cases) were observed the O titer above 1 : 80 and 1 : 320, respectively. However, in 36 cases of group D, 19 cases(52.7%) and 9 cases(25.0%) were above the O titer 1 : 80 and 1 : 320, respectively. Antibiotics resistant rates to ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and chloramphenicol were 23.2%, 10.1% and 51.4%, respectively.
CONCLUSION
Salmonellosis has become a common cause of gastroenteritis in children, especially under the pre-school age. Isolation of salmonella is neccessary for accurate diagnosis of gastroenteritis and typhoid fever. A careful attention of the use of antibiotics is needed to reduce the muilti-drug resistant strains.

Keyword

Salmonellosis; Serogroup; Widal test
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