J Korean Dent Sci.  2018 Dec;11(2):71-81. 10.5856/JKDS.2018.11.2.71.

Corrosion Behaviors of Dental Implant Alloy after Micro-sized Surface Modification in Electrolytes Containing Mn Ion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dental Materials, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. hcchoe@chosun.ac.kr
  • 3Research Center of Nano-Interface Activation for Biomaterials, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the corrosion behaviors of dental implant alloy after micro-sized surface modification in electrolytes containing Mn ion.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Mn-TiO₂ coatings were prepared on the Ti-6Al-4V alloy for dental implants using a plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) method carried out in electrolytes containing different concentrations of Mn, namely, 0%, 5%, and 20%. Potentiodynamic method was employed to examine the corrosion behaviors, and the alternating-current (AC) impedance behaviors were examined in 0.9% NaCl solution at 36.5℃±1.0℃ using a potentiostat and an electrochemical impedance spectroscope. The potentiodynamic test was performed with a scanning rate of 1.667 mV s⁻¹ from −1,500 to 2,000 mV. A frequency range of 10⁻¹ to 10⁵ Hz was used for the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The amplitude of the AC signal was 10 mV, and 5 points per decade were used. The morphology and structure of the samples were examined using field-emission scanning electron microscopy and thin-film X-ray diffraction. The elemental analysis was performed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. RESULT: The PEO-treated surface exhibited an irregular pore shape, and the pore size and number of the pores increased with an increase in the Mn concentration. For the PEO-treated surface, a higher corrosion current density (I(corr)) and a lower corrosion potential (E(corr)) was obtained as compared to that of the bulk surface. However, the current density in the passive regions (I(pass)) was found to be more stable for the PEO-treated surface than that of the bulk surface. As the Mn concentration increased, the capacitance values of the outer porous layer and the barrier layer decreased, and the polarization resistance of the barrier layers increased. In the case of the Mn/Ca-P coatings, the corroded surface was found to be covered with corrosion products.
CONCLUSION
It is confirmed that corrosion resistance and polarization resistance of PEO-treated alloy increased as Mn content increased, and PEO-treated surface showed lower current density in the passive region.

Keyword

AC impedance; Corrosion; Manganese; Plasma electrolytic oxidation; Potentiodynamic method; Ti-6Al-4V
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