J Minim Invasive Surg.  2018 Dec;21(4):148-153. 10.7602/jmis.2018.21.4.148.

Single Incision Laparoscopic Appendectomy for Management of Complicated Appendicitis: Comparison between Single-Incision and Conventional

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. kysns@kyuh.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
Single incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) is a widely used surgical procedure for treatment of appendicitis with better cosmesis. However, many surgeons generally tend to choose conventional multiport laparoscopic appendectomy regarding with complicated appendicitis. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of SILA for treatment of complicated appendicitis by comparison with 3-ports conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA).
METHODS
Retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed appendicitis at single hospital during January 2015 to May 2017 collected 500 patients. Among 134 patients with complicated appendicitis, we compared outcomes for 29 patients who got SILA and 105 patients who got CLA.
RESULTS
179 and 321 patients were treated by SILA and CLA, respectively. 134 (26.8%) patients were treated for complicated appendicitis, 29 patients by SILA and 105 patients by CLA, respectively. There was no case converted to open or added additional trocar in both groups. There were no differences in demographics with regard to age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) scores. There was no difference in mean operating time (58.97±18.53 (SILA) vs. 57.57±21.48 (CLA), p=0.751). The drain insertion rate (6.9% vs 37.1%, p=0.001) and the length of hospital stay (2.76±1.41 vs. 3.97±2.97, p=0.035) were lower in SILA group with significance. There was no significant difference in the rate of surgical site infection (6.9% vs. 6.7%, p=1.000).
CONCLUSION
This study demonstrates that SILA is a feasible and safe procedure for treatment of complicated appendicitis.

Keyword

Single-incision Laparoscopic Appendectomy (SILA); Conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA); OA (Open appendectomy)

MeSH Terms

Appendectomy*
Appendicitis*
Body Mass Index
Demography
Humans
Length of Stay
Retrospective Studies
Surgeons
Surgical Instruments
Surgical Wound Infection
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