Yonsei Med J.  2018 Jul;59(5):643-651. 10.3349/ymj.2018.59.5.643.

Effects and Predictive Factors of Immunosuppressive Therapy Combined with Umbilical Cord Blood Infusion in Patients with Severe Aplastic Anemia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Hematology, Taihe Hospital Affiliated to Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China. chuchengwan@126.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord blood (UCB) infusion (UCBI) plus immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment in comparison to IST treatment, as well as predictive factors for clinical responses, in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Totally, 93 patients with SAA were enrolled in this cohort study. In the IST group, rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG) combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) was administered, while in the IST+UBCI group, r-ATG, CsA, and UCB were used.
RESULTS
After 6 months of treatment, UCBI+IST achieved a higher complete response (CR) rate (p=0.002) and an elevated overall response rate (ORR) (p=0.004), compared to IST. Regarding hematopoietic recovery at month 6, platelet responses in the UCBI+IST group were better than those in the IST group (p=0.002), and UCBI+IST treatment facilitated increasing trends in absolute neutrophil count (ANC) response (p=0.056). Kaplan-Meier curves illuminated UCBI+IST achieved faster ANC response (p < 0.001) and platelet response (p < 0.001), compared with IST therapy. There was no difference in overall survival (OS) between the two groups (p=0.620). Furthermore, logistic regression analysis demonstrated that UCBI+IST was an independent predicting factor for both CR (p=0.001) and ORR (p < 0.001), compared to IST; meanwhile, very severe aplastic anemia (VSAA) and ANC could predict clinical responses as well. However, Cox proportional hazard regression indicated that VSAA (p=0.003), but not UCBI+IST, affected OS. Safety profiles showed that UCBI+IST therapy did not elevate adverse events, compared with IST treatment.
CONCLUSION
UCBI+IST achieved better clinical responses and hematopoietic recovery than IST, and was well tolerated in SAA patients.

Keyword

Effect; predictive factors; immunosuppressive therapy (IST); umbilical cord blood infusion (UCBI); severe aplastic anemia (SAA)

MeSH Terms

Anemia, Aplastic*
Antilymphocyte Serum
Blood Platelets
Cohort Studies
Cyclosporine
Fetal Blood*
Humans
Logistic Models
Neutrophils
Umbilical Cord*
Antilymphocyte Serum
Cyclosporine
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