J Obes Metab Syndr.  2017 Jun;26(2):122-129. 10.7570/jomes.2017.26.2.122.

Development and Cross-Validation of Equation for Estimating Percent Body Fat of Korean Adults According to Body Mass Index

  • 1Department of Physical Education, Korea Military Academy, Seoul, Korea. hoyongsung86@naver.com
  • 2Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Tennessee, USA.


Using BMI as an independent variable is the easiest way to estimate percent body fat. Thus far, few studies have investigated the development and cross-validation of an equation for estimating the percent body fat of Korean adults according to the BMI. The goals of this study were the development and cross-validation of an equation for estimating the percent fat of representative Korean adults using the BMI.
Samples were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2008 and 2011. The samples from 2008-2009 and 2010-2011 were labeled as the validation group (n=10,624) and the cross-validation group (n=8,291), respectively. The percent fat was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the body mass index, gender, and age were included as independent variables to estimate the measured percent fat. The coefficient of determination (R²), standard error of estimation (SEE), and total error (TE) were calculated to examine the accuracy of the developed equation.
The cross-validated R² was 0.731 for Model 1 and 0.735 for Model 2. The SEE was 3.978 for Model 1 and 3.951 for Model 2. The equations developed in this study are more accurate for estimating percent fat of the cross-validation group than those previously published by other researchers.
The newly developed equations are comparatively accurate for the estimation of the percent fat of Korean adults.


BMI; Cross-validation; Percent fat; Estimation
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