Korean J Adult Nurs.  2016 Dec;28(6):646-658. 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.6.646.

Quality of Nursing Work Life Scale-Korean: Validity and Reliability

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Researcher, Institute of Health · Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Nurse, Yousei University Health System, Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Doctoral Student, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, MA, USA. hyoungshim@daum.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL-K) scale. The scale measures the reported quality of the nurse' work life among Korean nurses.
METHODS
The QNWL-K was developed through forward-backward translation techniques. An internal consistency reliability and construct validity using exploratory analysis were conducted using SPSS/WIN (21.0). Survey data were collected from 309 nurses who worked in two tertiary hospitals, four general hospitals, and two hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi, South Korea.
RESULTS
Factor analysis results of the revised QWNL-K demonstrated that it has a four-factor structure (work context, support systems for home/work life, work design, and staffing) that supports construct validity. Factor loadings of the 36 items ranged from .30~.77. The QNWL-K showed reliable internal consistency from Cronbach's α for the total scale of .93.
CONCLUSION
The findings support that the QNWL-K has satisfactory construct validity and is a reliable measure of nursing work life in Korea.


MeSH Terms

Factor Analysis, Statistical
Gyeonggi-do
Hospitals, General
Korea
Nursing*
Reproducibility of Results*
Seoul
Tertiary Care Centers
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