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Season and Temperature Effects on Bloodstream Infection Incidence in a Korean Tertiary Referral Hospital

Sohn YS, Byun JH, Kim YA, Shin DC, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The weather has well-documented effects on infectious disease and reports suggest that summer peaks in the incidences of gram-negative bacterial infections among hospitalized patients. We evaluated how season and...
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Modification of the Tumor-Node-Metastasis Staging System for Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma by Considering Extra-Thyroidal Extension and Lateral Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis

Kim M, Kim WG, Jeon MJ, Kim HK, Yi HS, Kim ES, Kim BH, Kim WB, Shong YK, Kang HC, Kim TY

BACKGROUND: Concerns have arisen about the classification of extra-thyroidal extension (ETE) and lateral cervical lymph node metastasis (N1b) in the 8th edition of the tumor-node-metastasis staging system (TNM-8). This study...
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Determinants of Circulating Soluble Leptin Receptor and Free Leptin Index in Indonesian Pre-Pubertal Obese Male Children: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study

Hendarto A, Nagrani DG, Meiliana A, Sastroasmoro S, Sjarif DR

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children. METHODS: We conducted a...
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Treatment Outcomes after Discontinuation of Ethambutol due to Adverse Events in Mycobacterium avium Complex Lung Disease

Kwon YS, Kwon BS, Kim OH, Park YE, Shim TS, Chong YP, Jo KW

BACKGROUND: Long-term administration of ethambutol (EMB) for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD) sometimes leads to permanent discontinuation of EMB due to various adverse events. This study aimed to investigate...
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Social Inequalities of Oral Anticoagulation after the Introduction of Non-Vitamin K Antagonists in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Yu HT, Yang PS, Hwang J, Ryu S, Jang E, Kim TH, Uhm JS, Kim JY, Pak HN, Lee MH, Lip GY, Joung B

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nationwide social inequalities of oral anticoagulation (OAC) usage after the introduction of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have not been well identified in patients with atrial...
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Characterizing Computed Tomography-Detected Arterial Hyperenhancing-Only Lesions in Patients at Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Can Non-Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging Be Used for Sequential Imaging?

Park SH, Kim B, Kim SY, Choi SJ, Huh J, Kim HJ, Kim KW, Lee SS

OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a sequential imaging study for characterizing computed tomography (CT)-detected arterial-enhancing nodules that do not washout in patients at...
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Influences of Patient Activation on Diabetes Self-Care Activities and Diabetes-Specific Distress

Choi S, Kim SH

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of patient activation on diabetes self-care activities and diabetes-specific distress among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This cross-sectional...
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Changes in the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus According to Physician and Patient Behaviors

Kim YJ, Jeong IK, Kim SG, Cho DH, Kim CH, Kim CS, Lee WY, Won KC, Cha JH, Lee J, Kim DM

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder with an increasing prevalence worldwide. According to a previous study, physicians' treatment patterns or patients' behaviors change when they...
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Echocardiographic Evaluation of Axial Spondyloarthritis in Korea: Data From the Catholic Axial Spondyloarthritis Cohort

Min HK, Lee J, Ju JH, Kwok SK, Youn HJ, Park SH

OBJECTIVE: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is often accompanied by cardiac manifestations, such as valvular heart disease. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in Korean axSpA...
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Anaphylaxis diagnosis and management in the Emergency Department of a tertiary hospital in the Philippines

De Vera MJ, Tagaro IC

BACKGROUND: In the Emergency Department (ED), diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis are challenging with at least 50% of anaphylaxis episodes misdiagnosed when the diagnostic criteria of current guidelines are not...
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Determining Nurse Staffing By Classifying Patients Based on their Nursing Care Needs

Cho SH, Lee JY, Hong KJ, Yoon HJ, Sim WH, Kim MS, Huh I

PURPOSE: To determine nurse staffing by classifying patients based on their nursing care needs and to benchmark current staffing against the Safer Nursing Care Tool (SNCT) staffing requirements. METHODS: Cross-sectional data...
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Factors Affecting New Graduate Nurses' Intention on Retention in Hospitals: Focused on Nursing Organizational Culture, Empowering Leadership and Organizational Socialization

Kim EG, Jung MS, Kim JK, You SJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships among intention of retention, nursing organizational culture, empowering leadership and organizational socialization of new graduate nurses, and identify factors affecting...
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Efficacy of Allergen Immunotherapy for Allergic Asthma in Real World Practice

Rhyou HI, Nam YH

PURPOSE: Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) induces immunological tolerance, and there is increasing evidence of the clinical efficacy of AIT in the treatment of allergic asthma. However, the optimal parameters for asthma...
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Clinical features and treatment outcomes of Hodgkin lymphoma: A retrospective review in a Malaysian tertiary hospital

Boo YL, Ting HS, Yap DF, Toh SG, Lim SM

BACKGROUND: Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is a clinicopathologically unique, aggressive lymphoma arising from germinal center B-cells and is one of the most curable hematological malignancies. This study aimed to determine...
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Prevalence and Species Spectrum of Pulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Isolates at a Tertiary Care Center

Joo YS, Kwak NE, Kim GH, Yoon EJ, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is increasing in South Korea. Since treatment strategy differs by NTM species, accurate identification is necessary. In this study, using Mycobacterium pulmonary isolates...
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Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Culture-Negative Pyogenic Spondylitis according to Empiric Glycopeptide Use

Lee YD, Jeon YH, Kim YH, Ha KY, Hur JW, Ryu KS, Kim JS, Kim YJ

BACKGROUND: The optimal choice of antibiotics is challenging in culture-negative pyogenic spondylitis (PS). The empiric use of glycopeptides is suggested depending on various risk factors, although clinical data are sparse....
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A Survey on Current Trends of Breast Imaging Practices in Korea

Yun BL, Kim SM, Jang M, Cho N, Han BK

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the current practices of breast imaging among Korean radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We invited members of the Korean Society of Breast Imaging (KSBI) working as...
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Current Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care Clinics in Korea

Seo DH, Kang S, Lee YH, Ha JY, Park JS, Lee BW, Kang ES, Ahn CW, Cha BS

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the overall status of diabetes control and screening for diabetic microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending primary care clinics in Korea. METHODS: In...
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Current Status of Clinical Diagnosis and Genetic Analysis of Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia in South Korea: Multicenter Case Series and a Systematic Review

Kim D, Seo EJ, Song YS, Suh CH, Kim JW, Kim DJ, Suh DC

PURPOSE: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a rare genetic vascular disorder, has been rarely reported in South Korea. We investigated the current prevalence and presenting patterns of genetically confirmed HHT in...
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Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children: A Survey among Members of the Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Seo JH, Shim JO, Choe BH, Moon JS, Kang KS, Chung JY

PURPOSE: No national survey has yet described the guidelines followed by Korean pediatricians to treat acute gastroenteritis (AGE). An online survey was performed to investigate the management of AGE followed...
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